So I've just finished reading the chapter and for the most part, I was pleasantly surprised and intrigued by the economics. However, while the plan sounds nice, there were parts that bothered me. I'm not here to prove that Al's plan is flawed, but I would like to raise some objections and see where this goes. Oh i'm also an economics major, but international monetary & macro are not my strong suits! So Lets take a quick look at AL's claims and underlying assumptions as I understand them... Claim: we will work for anyone! all the small villages with no force will have come to us...(especially if shit goes down)...which will give us market share, more resources, and a sizeable employed army. Then we will strategically start wars with bijyuu's to steal business away from the shinobi villages until they all close up shop! muahaha! 1. monopoly? why would all the small villages need to go to akatsuki if they can also deal with whatever problems occur by hiring shinobi from other villages. There is no barrier to competition from the other shinobi firms. The only possible barrier that can occur is if everyone is in war with each other. So no one will lend you a force unless it was a strategic way to gain allies. However with so many villages, it would take alot of different factions in the war to force ALL of the major villages to not let you hire shinobi from them. 2. Can they beat their competitors in a shinobi market There already exists a solid oligopoly. akatsuki would need to really minimize fixed and operations costs significantly enough and at the same time provide equal or better performance to even compete On top of the problem of breaking into the market. This is going to be harder than upgrading some over-used jutsu by infusing some bs elemental chakra *ahem*. Every village has pricing power, brand reputation, political connections, time-tested infrastructure and methods, and an experienced workforce. is Al going to bust out a better business model that will make up for all that and the huge ass risk premium that will come with an organization of traiterous ex-cons? 3. Villages will retaliate: Ok now assume they are settled in, and they are generating scenarios for $ by letting loose a few biyuu's here and there. AND they also have been able to convince people to hire them instead of the competition. The other villages are not STUPID. They will recognize that they are akatsuki. They will recognize that they are using the very same biyuu that was stolen from them. Their scheme will be xposed, and everyone will be united to kick their asses. The people of the sand village were coo with invading leaf because they were losing business, this is no different. All five great shinobi villages versus a startup? Could be tough, but people of these villages have families and loyalty. Akatsuki commands people with no particular allegiance (ah just like the motto) who can be bought by the combined coffers of the villages. Ahaha I can see the hidden mist buying kazuku's traiterous services. In conclusion, this is very tricky outsourcing. Even if costs were lower, there is always advantages/needs to do things internally. Along with a slew of other complications! But yea thats all, so discuss!