I was wondering if the word Akatsuki has any meaning. Upon doing some research and reading the thread "Meaning of Akatsuki" by Kona, as well as the replies on that thread, this is what I came up with. We know that the phonetic translation of Akatsuki is "Red Moon". According to Nihongaeri however, it's true translation is probably closer to "new dawn" or "new beginning". He also mentioned a second sense, in which it could mean "a time when something eagerly anticipated becomes a reality". Which one of these translations is correct? My guess is that all of them, in a way. Let me explain. One of the themes in Naruto is continuity, or an endless cycle perhaps. His last name is Uzumaki, meaning spiral, something that keeps on going on going in circles. The Konoha symbol has a spiral in it, right before it goes to its pointed tip to form the shape of a leaf. Team 7 is a new "cycle" of the Legendary Sannin. Sakura is like Tsunade, Naruto is like Jiraiya, and Sasuke is Orochimaru. Naruto's main attack, the Rasengan, is created by forming spirals of chakra. Naruto and Sasuke's fight at the end of part 1 was referred to Kakashi as being "ironic" in relation to the battle that the two people represented by the statues in the Valley of the End. These are a few of the important "spirals" or "cycles" in the series. Now, let's look at the second meaning of Akatsuki according to Nihongaeri. We know that they are collecting the bijuus. We know that this "creature' that appears when they extract a bijuu is chained. One of the theory is that once all 9 bijuus are collected, this creature will break out of its confinement, and become an unstoppable beast. But why would Akatsuki want to unleash an unstoppable beast? Well, now it's time to look at the translation of "new dawn or new beginning". Going back to the theme of "spiral", a spiral is something that has one beginning, and no end. If we are to believe that Akatsuki wants to create "a new beginning", then the only way to accomplish that is by creating pure and complete destruction. By obliterating everything that currently exists, only then, can a new beginning occur. This certainly is a theme that we've seen in many stories, anime, games, movies, etc. Finally, the Red Moon possible translation. From Kona's thread, it was stated that several major things that happenened in the series occured during a full moon (Kyuubi attack, Shukaku awaking, Itachi killing his clan). Scientifically, a red moon occurs during a total lunar eclipse. This phenomenon occurs when the full moon passes through the earth's shadow. The Akatsuki members, prior to being revealed, appeared as nothing more than mirages, or more specifically, shadows in a cave. There's also the belief that the red moon, in general, is a bad omen, as it symbolizes blood. Very few people also knew about Akatsuki, thus, you can say that they "worked in the shadows". Therefore, you have an organization that "existed in the shadows of the earth", that is "waiting for the time eagerly anticipated" when "a new beginning" will become reality.