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Ameno's Japanese Lessons *un-interupted*

Discussion in 'Foreign Languages' started by AmenoKitarou, Oct 25, 2005.

  1. AmenoKitarou Evangelion Otaku

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    Hi people My name's AmenoKitarou *as you all see*

    This is the place where only I post all my japanese lessons that I posted in the thread: "learning Japanese" created by NarutoUzumaki

    This is so that late-comer's or late starters don't need to go to the trouble of looking for my post in the other threads.

    As these lessons are written by me...they might be hell...so please post any
    to the thread: "learning japanese".


    -----------------------------------------------------------------
    Welcome to japanese.

    Introduction: japanese is language that uses the phonics system meaning that it uses symbols for syllbales and combining those syllables will make words.

    Japanese's history: i'm not interested....no one should be

    LESSON 1
    Before you start reading on, please check that your computer can read the japanese characters below:
    あ い う え お 
    If not please change your page encoding to Japanese.

    Lesson 1 *cont'd*


    Japanese wrties with three kinds of scripts.
    1. Hiragana. This is used for normal words and nearly everything.
    2.Katakana used for sounds, western words, names and others
    3. Kanji... Characters that are taken from the chinese language.Appropriate Kanji replaces some hiragana in words and phrases. why? I have no clue....to show sophistication...to save room...wteva~

    For the first few lessons I'll do the lessons with Romaji (ponunciations) underneath the japanese sentence. until alot of ppl tell me that they can read japanese characters fine.


    First I'll give you the Hiragana list: take time to learn these.
    Hiragana

    あ い え う お
    a i u e o

    か き く け こ
    ka ki ku ke ko

    さ し す せ そ
    sa shi su se so

    た ち つ て と
    ta chi tsu te to

    な に ぬ ね の
    na ni nu ne no

    は ひ ふ へ ほ
    ha hi hu he ho

    ま み む め も
    ma mi mu me mo

    や  ゆ  よ
    ya yu yo

    ら り る れ ろ
    ra ri ru re ro

    わ  を
    wa wo


    n

    sorry itz hard to read...
    Take your time to learn them slowly~
    We don't need Katakana yet so i'll leave till later.

    Now I'll move onto the basics.
    Simple phrases that maybe you know already:

    Greetings:
    Hello *afternoon, day*
    こんにちは
    konnich wa

    Good morning
    おはよう ございます
    ohayou gozaimasu (note: when "u" follows "o", you stretch the "o" sound)

    good eveing
    こんばんは
    konban wa

    Good night
    おやすみなさい
    oyasumi nasai

    Note:
    Konnichiwa is not used for morning or night.
    Oyasumi nasai is only used when ur talking about going to bed.
    ***and for those who are going to try write these in hiragana: the "wa" in konnichiwa and Konbanwa is written as "ha".

    Next is:
    some common questions and phrases.

    What is your name?
    おなまえ は なんですか。
    o namae wa nan deau ka?

    my name is BLAH
    わたし の なまえ は BLAH です。
    watashi no namae wa BLAH desu.

    What is your phone number?
    でんわ ばんごう は なんばん ですか。
    Denwa ban gou wa nan ban desu ka?

    My phone numer is BLAH
    わたし の でんわ ばんごう は BLAHです。
    watashi no denwa ban gou wa BLAH desu.

    ***same applies to all above. the "wa" is written as "ha"***

    Finally for today is a vocabulary list for starters, and for those interested and keen, I've put the kanji down in front of each:


    名前 = なまえ namae = name
    何 = なに nani = what
    何 = なん nan = what (is followed by "desu")
    電話 = でんわ denwa = phone
    電話番号 = denwa ban gou = phone number

    People:
    私 = わたし = Watashi = I/me (for both sexes)
    僕 = ぼく = boku = for boys
    N/A = あたし = atashi = for girls (note that not all japanese words have kanjis)
    N/A = あなた = anata = you
    彼 = かれ = kare = he/him
    彼女 = かのじょ = kanojo = she/her


    That should do it for today.
     
    Tags:
  2. AmenoKitarou Evangelion Otaku

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    Lesson TWO

    LESSON TWO

    I?ll start this lesson by giving you two more sets of hiragana pronunciations.

    They are called modified syllables:

    First: (dakuon)


    By adding two dots ゛or a circle ?over the basic syllables *see the hiragana list on lesson one*, the sound of the syllables will change.

    Example:
    か= ka----------が=ga
    The two dots are called ?tenten?. When it is put over a syllable it reduces itz sound.
    The tenten is only added to the ?ka?, ?ta?, sa?, ?ha? series.

    The little circle makes the sound bigger and is only used in the ?ha? series.
    Example: は=ha------------ぱ=pa
    Here is a list: there are some odd exceptions that you will need to remember and they are highlighted in bold.

    がga ぎgi ぐgu げge ごgo

    ざza じji ずzu ぜze ぞzo

    だda ぢji づzu でde どdo

    ばba びbi ぶbu べbe ぼbo

    ぱpa ぴpi ぷpu ぺpe ぽpo

    Most of the time when you hear "ji" it is "じ" not "ぢ".
    "ぢ" is very rare.


    The second modified syllables are called the ?y? sound.

    By adding a small character of the ?ya? series after a character in the ?i? syllable, the ?ya? sound is adding onto the consonant of the first character.

    ka + little ya = kya
    か+ゃ=きゃ=kya

    きゃkya
    きゅkyu
    きょ kyo

    By following the same rules comes the following list:

    きゃkya
    きゅkyu
    きょkyo

    しゃsha
    しゅshu
    しょsho

    ちゃ cha
    ちゅchu
    ちょcho


    にゃnya
    にゅnyu
    にょnyo

    ひゃhya
    ひゅhyu
    ひょ hyo

    みゃmya
    みゅmyu
    みょmyo

    りゃrya
    りゅryu
    りょryo

    ぎゃkya
    ぎゅkyu
    ぎょkyo

    じゃja
    じゅ ju
    じょ jo


    びゃbya
    びゅbyu
    びょ byo

    ぴゃpya
    ぴゅpyu
    ぴょpyo

    -------------------------------------------------------

    Take time to learn the above as well.

    ---------------------------------------------

    Introducing yourself:

    1.はじめまして
    hajime mashite
    How do you do? (this is a set phrase)

    2.(わたしは)雨野鬼太郎 です。
    (watashi wa) Ameno Kitarou desu.
    I am Ameno Kitarou (see grammar point 1a)

    3. どうぞ よろしく
    douzo yoroshiku.
    Please to meet you. (also a set phrase)

    4. (こちら は) ナルト です。
    (kochira wa) Naruto desu
    This is Naruto. (see grammar points and vocab list)

    The above four can literally be used in that order when meeting someone.

    Here's a case:
    I am meeting nah-nah for the first time. After introducing myself I introduce to him my friend NarutoUzumaki.

    here it how it would be:
    ナーナーさん(nah-nah san)、はじめまして。(no.1) 私 は雨野鬼太郎 です。(no.2) どうぞよろしく。(no.3) 
    こちらは うずまき ナルト です。(no.4)

    For those still struggling with hiragana:
    nah-nah san, hajimemashite.(no.1) watashi wa Ameno Kitarou desu.(no.2) douzo yoroshiku.(no.3)
    kochira wa Uzumaki Naruto desu.(no.4)

    Here's the trans:

    Nah-Nah~ Nice to meet you. I am Kitarou Ameno. (eek I english-ized my jap name!!!) How do you do?
    This is NarutoUzumaki.

    For western names (like James White or something) it isn't necessary for the surname to come first.
    ---------------------------------------------------

    GRAMMAR POINTS:

    In Japanese the subject of your sentence always comes first. Or else there can be no subject if it is obvious what it is that you?re talking about.

    After the subject, in the second part of the sentence, there is a result, description or verb.
    Joining these two parts of the sentence is a character called ?particle?.

    Sentence pattern 1 a)

    Topic
    ------ particle --noun-------verb.
    わたし--------は-------ばか-------です
    Watashi-------wa------baka--------desu.

    I am an idiot.

    *This should also answer the question as to why ?ha? is pronounced as ?wa?. The reason is because it is a particle in this sentence.*

    Sentence pattern 1 b) 

    Last thing for today

    Topic ------ particle --adjective-------verb.
    かれ-------- は-------かっこいい -------です
    kare------------wa------kakkoii-----------desu

    He is cool.


    OKAYZZZ~~
    Itz vocabulary time~
    With this list you will be able to make your own sentences about yourself and others.
    Next lesson there will be: Asking and telling: name, age, phone number, addresses and nationality.

    People:

    こちら=kochira =This person
    ~san = miss, mr, mrs
    ~kun = address for young males
    ~chan = address for young females

    sensei = teacher

    Adjectives:

    いい= ii = good
    悪い= わるい =warui = bad
    かわいい=kawaii = cute
    かっこいい=kakkoii = cool
    かっこ悪い= かっこわるい =kakko warui = not cool
    強い= つよい =tsuyoi = strong
    弱い= よわい =yowai = weak
    優しい= やさしい =yasashii = kind/ gentle
    親切= しんせつ =shinsetsu= kind
    厳しい= きびしい =kibishii= strict
    酷い= ひどい =hidoi = horrible
    正直= しょうじき =shoujiki = honest
     
  3. AmenoKitarou Evangelion Otaku

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    Lesson TWO POINT FIVE

    I will give you the Hiragana chart and Katakana chart which you should take the time to learn.
    I already gave the Hiragana in like a list....and that was hard to read so I made you an easier one.
    And the katakana charts as well.

    here it is!!
    Hiragana chart:
    Spoiler:



    Katakana chart:

    ^_____^
    thatz it for the filler lesson~
     
  4. AmenoKitarou Evangelion Otaku

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    Lesson THREE

    Lessons three will be a really compressed lessons with LOTS of phrases on topics like: asking and answering about name, age, phone no., addresses and nationality, and asking and offering.

    This lesson is so compressed and intense because I think the stuff right now is TOO boring for you. So I want to get over the basic stuff QUICKLY (as long as you understand), and get onto some advance and more interesting things.


    LESSON THREE:
    :leepose

    Sentences:


    1. おなまえは なんですかですか。
    Onamae wa nandesuka.
    -what is your name?

    2. ともこです。
    Tomoko.
    -Tomoko.

    3. なんさいですか。

    Nan sai desuka.
    -how old are you?

    4. 17さいです。
    Juu nana sai desu.
    -17 years old.

    5. でんわばんごうは なんばんですか

    Denwa bangou wa nanbandesuka.
    -what is your phone number?

    6. ?Number?です。
    ?number? desu.
    - It is ?number?.

    7. どこに すんでいますか。
    Doko ni sundeimasu ka.
    -Where do you live?

    8. シドニー に すんでいます
    Shiidonii ni sundeimasu.
    -I live in Sydney.

    9. どこで うまれましたか。
    Doko de umaremashita ka.
    -Where were you born?

    10. とうきょうで うまれました。
    Toukyou de umaremashita.
    -I was born in Tokyo.

    11. オーストラリアじん ですか。
    Oosutoraria jin desu ka.
    - Are you Australian?

    12. いいえ、にほんじんです
    Iie, nihonjin desu
    -No, I am Japanese.

    13. どこから きましたか
    Doko kara kimashita ka.
    -Where did you come from?

    14. おおさかから です。

    Oosaka kara desu.
    - I am from Osaka.

    ------------------------------------------------------
    Explanatory:

    1. ?namae? is name. The ?o? used before it is to be polite and honorific.
    ?nandesuka?? is used to ask ?what?.

    Thus following the structure we learnt last lesson:
    Oname (subject) ?.wa (particle)?.nandesuka (noun).

    Literally the sentence will translate as: ?your name is what??

    2. Tomoko is a name~
    When answering the question, simply putting a ?desu? after your answer will make it in to a sentence.

    Therefore ?tomoko desu? = ?Tomoko.? in english. But in Japanese, it will also equal to saying ?my name is Tomoko? in English.

    3. ?nansai? means ?how many years old??. Therefore by adding ?desuka? to ?nansai? will make it into a proper question.
    No big deal there I suppose?

    4. Juu nana sai: By adding ?sai? to any number?it will turn the number into an age.
    At the end of the lesson will be a list of numbers~ for you to learn of course~

    Again this is a simple sentence made by adding ?desu?.

    5. and 6. I did this one before, so it should be old news?but if any problems just ask.

    7. here?s new words:
    Doko: where.
    sundeimasu: to live

    Doko ni sundeimasuka?
    ?doko? is where, ?ni? is basically ?in? in this sentence.

    In Japanese sentences VERBS ALWAYS COME LAST.

    subject----particle----------verb-----to make it a question.
    Doko--------- ni--------sundeimasu---ka?
    Where---------in---------live-----------do you?

    8. The answer follows the structure learn in lesson two: subject- particle- verb.Tokyo is the subject.
    ni is the particle.
    And Sundeimasu is the verb.

    Therefore following the structure will give you ?Tokyo ni sundeimasu?
    Notice that the answer is just ?Tokyo? instead of ?doko?, and minus the ?ka? at the end.

    9. This sentence is nearly the same as no.7.
    But here, the particle is ?de?
    So it isn?t ?doko NI umaremahita ka?
    it is: ?doko DE umaremashita ka?

    The reason for this is ?de is used when an action is done at the place which is the subject.

    Umaremashita is the past tense of Umaremasu which is the present tense which makes the question about the past.

    10. Same structure as no.8.
    11. ?jin? means Person.
    Whenever ?jin? is added to the end of a country name, it becomes the people of that country.
    Therefore, Oosutoraria jin means Australian. And Nihon jin means Japanese. Etc

    Here the question is: Australia jin desu ka? *are you Australian*
    Again this is a simple question made by just adding ?desu ka?

    12. iie = no
    nihonjin= Japanese

    Therefore, iie. Nihonjin desu= no I?m Japanese.
    The simple adding ?desu? comes again here.

    13. doko kara kimashita ka.

    Step one:
    ?kara? means ?from?
    ?kimasu? means to come.
    Therefore ?Kimashita? itz past tense means ?came?.

    Step two:
    Doko kara = Where from
    Kimashita ka= did you come

    Step Three:

    Subject?joint------verb------question.
    Doko----- kara ?---kimashita--- ka

    14. Following the same rule to answer previous questions:

    The answer can be one of two:

    1. Osaka kara Kimashita.
    Oasaka replaces doko.
    ka is discarded.

    OR

    2. Osaka kara desu
    Osaka replaces doko.
    ?desu? replaces the rest of the sentence to make a simple statement.

    ---------------------------------

    Vocabulary list:


    なまえ= 名前
    なんさい = 何才
       ~さい = ~才 
    どこ=
    すんでいます= 住んでいます
    うまれます= 生まれます
    ~から=
    来ます= きます=
    ~じん= ~人=

    Number list:

    一 =ichi いち = one
    二 =ni に= two
    三 =san さん= three
    四 = yon よん/ shi し = four
    五 =go ご = five
    六 = roku ろく= six
    七 =nana なな/ shichi しち= seven
    八 = hachi はち = eight
    九 = kyuu きゅう = nine
    十 = juu じゅう = ten

    十一 = juu ichi じゅういち= eleven
    十二 = juu ni じゅうに= twelve
    Adding a number between one and nine after ten makes the number into ?teens?.

    二十 = ni juu にじゅう= twenty
    三十 = san juuさんじゅう= thirty
    Adding a number before the ten makes them into ?multiple tens?: twenty, thirty etc.

    百 = ひゃく hyaku
     
    NOTE: these numbers are used for counting numbers only.
    To count objects, different sets of numbers called ?counters? are used?.when you get up to there, there will be another set of stuff to remember off by heart.
    ~ haha~:laugh

    Thatz abt it for today~

    Good work~
    *Otsukaresama deshita*
     
    Last edited: Oct 30, 2005
  5. AmenoKitarou Evangelion Otaku

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    Lesson FOUR

    -----------------------------------

    LESSON FOUR: inviting and asking and accepting and rejecting and etc~

    ------------------------------------

    Sentences:


    Naruto asks sakura out:

    1. サクラちゃん、ハイキング に いきましょうか。
    Sakura chan, HAIKINGU ni ikimashou ka.
    Sakura-chan would you like to go hiking with me?

    2. ああ、いいですね。いきましょう。
    Aa, ii desu ne. ikimashou.
    Ah That sounds nice. Lets go then.

    OR

    3. けっこう です
    kekkou desu!
    No thanks!

    OR

    4. それは ちょっと。。。
    sore wa chotto...
    umm....*wants to say no but itz rude to say no*


    Hinata asks Naruto out:

    5. ナルトくん、がっこう に いっしょに いきません か。
    Naruto kun, gakkou ni isshoni ikimasen ka...
    Naruto-kun, won't you like to go to shool together?

    6. はい
    hai
    Okay/yes~

    OR

    7. いいえ、ごうめん なさい。
    iie, goumen nasai.
    No, sorry.

    -----------------------------------------------------
    Explanations:

    1. HAIKINGU ni ikimashou ka.
    as learnt last lesson, ni= to
    and ikimasu= go

    This lesson something is new.
    By changing "ikimasu" to "ikimashou"......"to go" changes to "lets go"

    And finally by having "mashou ka" at the end of the question, it doesn't mean "are you going"....but "Would you like to go".

    The sentence structure here is similar to ones learnt before:

    Subject-----particle-----verb------question thingy.
    HAIKINGU----ni---------ikimashou-----ka
    Hiking--------to----------lets go-----yes? no?

    2. ii desu ne, ikimashou.

    ii= good
    desu ne= isn't it?

    therefore: "ii desu ne" LITERALLY means: "thats good isn't it?"
    and putting that into logical english gives us "that sounds good"~~:laugh

    ikimashou: as sed in last example, it means "Lets go"
    This time nothing is following t therefore it only means "lets go.

    ii desu ne ikimashou= that sounds good~ lets go~~!!

    3. kekkou desu!!
    "kekkou" is a VERY VERY polite way to say "good"
    and when Japanese people say "it's good" to answer a request....it usually means "itz FINE, I'll pass".....in other words a rejection for u~:p

    kekkou desu= an UBER polite rejection.

    No need to worry about structures here, jusr remember it is fine~

    4. sore wa chotto...
    *that's a little...*

    Japanese people HATE saying no. because in their culture its rude to say directly NO....therefore this phrase was designed to sound like you're hesitating about it, and give the idea that you don't want to go...

    5. gakkou ni issho ni ikimasen ka...

    This is the same as number 1....except
    "ikimashou ka" is now "ikimaSEN ka"....
    NO difference at all in meaning here.
    "ikimasen ka" is the more polite way of asking.

    isshoni= together
    isshoni ikimasen ka= would you like to go together?
    gakkou= school

    following the same structure try putting the sentence back together without looking at the top~:)

    6. hai
    Who doesn't know this? HANDS UP!!! WHO!?!?!?:guns

    7. iie, goumen nasai
    iie= no (as if u dont no)
    goumen nasai (sorry~)

    simple~:laugh

    ----------------------------------------------

    Any questions on this badly written lesson feel free to ask.

    I apologise for the decreasing quality of the work....:sad
     
  6. AmenoKitarou Evangelion Otaku

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    Test!!

    LISTEN UP!!
    After four lessons, I've decided there is enough material to give you a small test on.
    Anyone taking these lessons should make sure they pass this test with at least 65% before proceeding onto further lessons.

    -In the underneath spoiler tag is the test (DO NOT OPEN paper yet:p ).

    The test will have four sections
    -part A , Hiragana reading
    -Hiragana writing (self marking)

    -part B Katakana reading
    -Katakana writing (self marking)

    -Part C Vocabulary quiz.
    -Part D Reading and responding.

    Here is the procedure:
    Copy the the test.
    Paste onto a response in thread called: "Learning Japanese"
    Type your answer under each question.
    For Hiragana and Katakana writing sections, do this on a piece of paper, then mark your answers (I'll provide the answers in another spoiler tag).

    Type your Hiragana writing score and Katakana writing score at the bottom.

    Then hide your whole paper in a spoiler tag.

    Post your response.

    I will look at it and mark it. Then you will get your mark.

    If someone has done the paper before you, do NOT look at their spoiler tags....for your own good.

    Here we go:

    Spoiler:


    PART A (32 marks)

    Spoiler:
    Hiragana reading (15 marks)
    1. け
    2. ぷ
    3. し
    4. つ
    5. きゅ
    6. あ
    7. む
    8. み
    9. ちょ
    10. わ
    11. ゆ
    12. び
    13. え
    14. す
    15. さ

    Hiragana Writing (17marks):
    1. (5 marks) genki desu

    2.(5 marks) sayounara

    3. (7 marks) ojamashimasu
    One mark for each character right.


    PART B: (28 marks)
    Spoiler:
    Katakana reading (15 marks)
    1. ワ
    2. ス
    3. デ
    4. キ
    5. ホ
    6. ネ
    7. マ
    8. シ
    9. ツ
    10.チ
    11. レ
    12. ナ
    13. タ
    14. ヌ
    15. ケ

    Katakana writing:(13 marks)
    1. (5 marks)arupaito
    2. (5 marks)haikingu
    3. (3 marks) gurasu
    one mark for each character right.



    PART C (20 marks)

    Spoiler:
    If the word is in Japanese translate to english.
    If word is english translate to Japanese. (romaji or hiragana is fine since not everyone has japanese typing program)

    One mark each

    1. おはよう ございます
    2. Nice to meet you (first time meeting someone)
    3. Name
    4. this person
    5. なに

    6. weak
    7. しょうじき
    8. うまれます
    9. to come
    10. ~years old.

    10 marks for this following question:
    Count from one to ten in japanese (romaji or hiragana is fine)


    PART D (20 marks)

    Spoiler:
    Read the follow passage and answer the the questions.

    The passage is in Hiragana and romaji. The romaji version is in a spoiler tag....please try not to use it. keep in mind that you should learn your hiragana.

    Passage 1 (7marks):

    はな: はじめまして。わたしは はな です。よろしく。
    たま: はじめまして。 わたしは たま です。
    はな: たまさん、こちらは けんさん です。
    たま: けんさん、こんばんは。

    Spoiler:
    Hana: Hajimemashite. Watashi wa Hana desu. Yoroshiku.
    Tama: Hajimemashite. Watashi wa Tama desu.
    Hana: Tama-san, kochira wa Ken san desu.
    Tama: Ken san, konbanwa.



    1. Have Tama and Hana met each other before? (1mark)

    2. What time of the day do you think it is? (1 mark)

    3. Who did Hana introduce to Tama?(1mark)

    4. Translate Hana's first line. (4 marks)

    Passge two: (13 marks)

    こんにちは。 ぼくは あめのきたろう です。 じゅうろく さいです。 オーストラリアにすんでします。
    ホンコン(hong Kong) でうまれました。
    ぼくの でんわばんごう は はち はち ご ご よん なな に きゅう です。

    Spoiler:
    Konnichiwa. Boku wa Ameno Kitarou desu. Oosutoraria ni sundeimasu.
    HonKon de umaremashita.
    Boku no denwabangou wa hachi hachi go go yon nana ni kyuu desu.


    1. What is the name of the person speaking? (1 mark)

    2. How old is the person speaking?(1 mark)

    3. Is the person speaking a boy or a girl?(1 mark)

    4. Where does he live?(1 mark)

    5. What is his phone number? (8 marks)

    6. Where was he born? (1 mark)




    Your score for the writing part:

    Hiragana: /17
    Katakana: /13


    Entire test is out of 100.
     
  7. AmenoKitarou Evangelion Otaku

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    Submit your tests to the "learning Japanese" thread~
    People who pass will get repped~
     
  8. AmenoKitarou Evangelion Otaku

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    Lesson FIVE

    Lesson five: FAMILY members.

    Today we learn to talk about our family members and other people's family members.

    ----------------------
    Structures:

    There not much structures in this topic.

    1.nan nin kazoku desu ka?
    何人かぞくですか。
    how many people are in your family?

    go nin kazoku desu.
    五人 かぞくです。
    There are five people in my family.

    2. oneesan ga imasu ka?
    おねえさんが いますか
    Do you have a older sister?

    hai, onesan ga futari imasu.
    はい、おねえさんが 二人います。
    Yes I have two older sisters.

    --------------------------------

    Explanations:


    Family members:
    Grandmother: Your own: そぼ Other people's: おばあさん
    Grandfather: Your own: そふ Other people's: おじいさん
    Father: Your own: ちち Other people's: おとうさん
    Mother: Your own: はは Other people's: おかあさん
    Auntie: Your own: おばさん Other people's: おばさん
    Uncle: Your own: おじさん Other people's: おじさん

    Older sister: Your own: あね Other people's: おねえさん
    Older brother: Your own: あに Other people's: おにいさん
    Younger sister: Your own: いもうと Other people's: いもうとさん
    Younger brother: Your own: おとうと Other people's: おとうとさん

    Rules:

    1. When talking to other people about your own family members you use the ones in "your own" column.

    2. When talking to others about family memebrs that aren't yours, you use the "other people's" column.

    3. When talking to your own family members, you call them by the ones in "other people's" column.

    ----------------------------------------

    Structure explanations:

    1. nan nin means how many people.
    as 'nan' means what, and 'nin' means person.

    Kazoku means family.

    nan nin kazoku desu ka?
    literally means: How many people is your family?

    conviently translated into english give the end result: how many people are in your family?


    go nin kazoku desu.

    go nin means five people. At the end of this lesson will be a section that teaches you how to count people.

    so like english: "go nin" is an adjective, and "kazoku" is a noun.
    So putting go nin before kazoku turns it from "family" into "five people family"

    therefore go nin kazoku desu literally means: it's a five people family.

    conviently translated into english as: there are five people in my family.

    2. oneesan ga imasu ka?

    strusture here is:
    subject (person)-------particle--------verb.----question mark.
    nee-san-----------------ga-----------imasu---ka?
    sister------------------ particle-------have-----?

    Rules:
    1. In sentences where "Has" or "have" is the verb for a person, the particale "ga" is used.

    2. when you have something that's alive, "imasu" is used. and if it's dead, "arimasu" is used.


    hai, oneesan ga futari imasu.

    same structure:

    yes/ no-----subject--particle-----adverb and verb.
    hai---------oneesan---ga--------futari------imasu.
    yes---------older sister-----------two people---have.

    When u say you have a number of people.....you put the number before the verb "have", and after the particle of the sentence.

    Futari means two people by the way~

    ------------------------------------------------

    How to count things and people:

    To count things: (dead things only)

    please remember the kanji of these too because they are never not in kanji.

    hitotsu----> ひとつ---> 一つ
    futatsu---> ふたつ---> 二つ
    mitsu---> みっつ---> 三つ
    yotsu---> よっつ---> 四つ
    itsutsu---> いつつ---> 五つ
    mutsu---> むっつ---> 六つ
    nanatsu---> ななつ---> 七つ
    yatsu---> やっつ---> 八つ
    kokonotsu---> ここのつ---> 九つ
    tou---> とう


    To count people: (people only)

    one ---> ひとり---> 一人
    two---> ふたり---> 二人
    three---> さんにん---> 三人

    from three onwards, just add "nin" to the normal number.

    ---------------------------------

    Vocabulary:

    see family members.

    Family: かぞく--->  家族
     
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