# Island's blog

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1. ### Giratina Doing Nothing is Island-Level

A thought occurred to me.

Giratina is confirmed by Cynthia to be the personification of antimatter and is most likely made of antimatter himself.

Logically, when Giratina enters the physical universe, the antimatter that composes his body should collide with matter from the environment and... explode.

Google tells me that 1 oz of antimatter releases 1.22 megatons of TNT when it collides with matter.

Giratina weights 1653.5 lbs.

Ergo, Giratina's existence causes a 32.78 gigaton explosion.

Coincidentally, when Dawn goes to the Distortion World, assuming the same matter-antimatter annihilation occurs, she is instantly annihilated in a 1.46 gigaton explosion.

2. ### Ultimate Kars Shoots for the Stars

Alright fuckers, time for some calculations.

Joseph shot Kars into space on a volcano. The volcano erupting and Kars leaving Earth's atmosphere happens in about two minutes. Unfortunately for us, this means that escape velocity was not reached, and he should have never exited into space.

For that reason, we will use escape velocity for our calculation.

Escape velocity is 11,168 m/s.

Since an object in motion stays in motion unless acted upon by another force and because there is nothing (relevant) between Earth and the moon, we will assume that Kars maintains a constant velocity.

Kars was approximately 261,045,061 meters away from the moon, something I will expand upon shortly.

Traveling at 11,168 m/s would mean that it took Kars 32,328.53 seconds or 538.8 minutes or 22.45 hours to reach the moon if the moon is directly above him.

This is where it gets fun.

Joseph stated that he was maintaining a speed of 240 kph after he stole a Nazi plane.

He started in Piz Bernina, Switzerland and ended up at Vulcano, Switzerland. Yes, he literally looked at a map, saw an island called "Vulcano" and concluded that it must be home to an active volcano.

This means that Joseph traveled 615 km from Piz Bernina, Switzerland to Vulcano, Italy at 240 kph. In other words, it took him 2.56 hours to reach his destination.

But why does that matter if we don't know what time he he left Switzerland? That's because we know exactly what time it was.

Joseph ran away from Kars at dawn, i.e. when he learned Kars was no longer effected by the sun. We know that the fight occurs in Switzerland on February 28, 1939, and the sun rose at exactly 7:10 AM in Switzerland on February 28, 1939.

This means that he arrived at Vulcano at approximately 10 AM that morning.

Kars was launched into space from Vulcano, Italy on February 28, 1939 at 10 AM. You might know that the average distance between the Earth and the moon is 384,400 km. However, in Italy on March 1, 1939, the moon was only 361,045,061 km away.

Yes, I have that calculation.

Here

The additional day (from February 28 to March 1) accounts for the 20 or so hours that Kars spent traveling.

And, no, 1939 was not a leap year, so shut the fuck up, and stop trying to ruin my math.

Anyway, Kars arrived in the moon's path on March 1, 1939 at approximately 8:30 AM.

Which is unfortunate for Kars because the moon was nowhere near him.

Just like the sun, there's moonrise and moonset. On March 1, 1939, moonrise was at 1:13 PM and moonset was at 3:10 AM. Overhead (when the moon is directly above) was at 8:10 PM and underfoot (when the moon is directly below) was at...

8:10 AM.

Which means that the moon was on the exact opposite side of the planet when Kars arrived in its path.

No, but it'll sure piss Kars off.

This was likely the best chance Kars had of ever returning to Earth. The chances of him colliding with a planet are so astronomically low that a calculation wouldn't be worth it. This means one of two things. Either Kars falls into the sun and dies or Joseph made him the first Earthling to leave the solar system.

If he continued moving at 11,168 m/s, he is currently 26.8 billion km from Earth, far outside of the solar system, assuming he didn't fall into the sun.

He was launched at approximately 10 AM, which meant that he is headed directly toward the sun rather than away from it.

Given how fast he was going (11,168 m/s) and given the distance between Earth and the sun, Kars would have reached the sun in about four months. Most likely, he would get caught in the sun's gravity well and fall in before the year ended.

It's... the opposite of what I was hoping for, but I figured I would post it anyway. Saitama was absurdly lucky to get thrown at the moon because the chances of actually hitting it are ridiculously small.
3. ### Groudon Vaporizing Oceans

We have a bunch of calculations on Groudon and Kyogre, especially from the manga where we actually see them fight. Just for fun, I thought I'd calculate what Archie, Maxie, and various NPCs claim that they can do. For argument's sake, we're going to assume that Groudon actually can vaporize the world's oceans and that Kyogre actually can flood the entire world.

Let's start with the basics. Since Groudon has been shown to vaporize water in the anime, games, and manga, we're going to assume that this is the method he uses when he feels like doing some landscaping. We're also going to assume that he's going to purge the planet of water in its entirety. Obviously, we'll also assume that Pok?Earth is geographically and geologically identical to the real Earth, though, this is pretty much fact anyway. I'm sure Wombat has proven this time and again.

HOW MUCH WATER IS ON EARTH?

Spoiler: A Fuck Ton

America has already done some number crunching for me, so I'd like to thank democracy for making this immensely easier for me. According to the United States Geological Survey, here, we have 1,386,000,000 km^3 of water on the planet, including 12,900 km^3 of water vapor in the atmosphere. Naturally, Groudon won't be vaporizing something that's already vaporized, and unless he's feeling especially sadistic, he won't be vaporizing what is constituted as biological water, about 1,120 km^3 of water, so we'll exclude those. Actually, no, Groudon is feeling pretty sadistic today, so we're going to include all water that is not already vapor.

Meaning, we're at 1,385,987,100 km^3 for liquid water and solid water (known as ice in some circles) on the planet.

The amount of liquid water alone is 1,361,623,100 km^3, the amount of ice is 24,364,000 km^3.

Why am I making this distinction? Because we need to convert ice to water and water to vapor.

Thanks, Obama.

HOW MUCH DOES GROUDON WEIGH?

Spoiler: Enough to Break the Ice

Also titled: Melting the Ice Caps, Glaciers, etc.

We know that Density = Mass/Volume or p = m/v, that the density of ice is 917 kg/m^3 and that the volume of ice on the planet is 24,364,000 km^3.

Thus, 917 kg/m^3 = m/2.44e7 km^3, and m = 2.23e19 kg.

Now we need to convert that ice to water, and since we don't have a number for the average temperature of ice, let's just assume that the ice is already sitting at 0?C.

The heat of fusion of ice is 3.45e5 J/kg^-1. Meaning, that it takes 3.45e5 J to convert 1 kg of ice to water. Since we have 2.23e19 kg of ice...

3.45e5 J/kg^-1 x 2.23e16 = 7.69e24 J

To melt all of the ice on the planet at 0?C, we need 7.69e24 J.

Next, we need to heat our melted ice. We know that we have 2.23e19 kg of ice, that we need to raise it 100?C from 0?C, and that the specific heat capacity of water, or the amount of heat required to raise its temperature by 1? is 4.18 J/kg C...

4.18 J/kg C = ΔQ / (100?C x 2.23e19 kg) = 9.32e21 J

To raise the temperature of water from 0?C to 100?C, w need 9.32e21 J.

Then, in order to convert that water to vapor, we need to know the latent heat of vaporization of water, which is 2.26e6 J/kg^-1. Meaning, it takes 2.26e6 J to convert 1 kg of water to vapor. Since we have 2.23e19 kg of vapor...

2.26e6 J/kg^-1 x 2.23e19 kg = 5.03e25 J

We need 5.03e25 J to convert this water to vapor.

Therefore, to melt all ice on the planet to water and then boil that water into vapor...

7.69e24 J + 9.32e21 J + 5.03e25 J = 5.8e25 J

It would take 5.8e25 J to vaporize all ice on the planet.

IS WATER WET?

Spoiler: Not anymore, says Groudon

Also titled: Vaporizing Everything Else

This is exactly the same as above except without needing to convert ice to water.

96.53% of water is salt water and 90% of salt water is deep ocean water. Meaning, 86.88% of all water is deep ocean water which sits at 3?C with a specific heat of 3.92 J/kg^-1 and 9.66% is surface ocean water which sits at 17?C and almost the same specific heat. Meanwhile, the remaining 3.47% includes 1.76% ice which have already accounted for and another 1.7% fresh water. The remaining 1% is salt lakes.

Do I feel like doing all of that math?

No. We're going to use the temperature and specific heat of deep ocean water for simplicity's sake.

The density of deep ocean water is 1050 kg/m^3, the volume of all liquid water in the world is 1.36e18...

p = m/V

1050 kg/m^3 = m/1.36e^18 m^3

m = 1.43e21 kg

We have 1.43e21 kg of liquid water.

Now let's plug and chug with our good old friend, the the specific heat capacity equation.

3.92 J/kg^-1 = ΔQ / (97?C x 1.43e21 kg) = 5.44e24 J

We need 5.44e24 J to convert raise all the liquid water in the world to 100?C.

Next we need to convert all of this boiling water to vapor using the latent heat of vaporization of water.

2.26e6 J/kg^-1 x 1.43e21 kg = 3.23e27 J

We need 3.23e27 to convert all of this water to vapor.

Meaning, to vaporize all water on the planet, we need 5.44e24 J + 3.23e27 J...

Or 3.24e27 J.

THE BIG FINISH

It will take 5.8e25 J to vaporize all ice on the planet and another 3.24e27 J to vaporize the world's liquid water.

5.8e25 J + 3.24e27 J = 3.3e27 J

That is 3.3 octillion J or 788.72 petatons of TNT.

Like I said, this is based on in-game hype, not what Groudon has been actually shown to do, but it's still some interesting data.