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  1. The Wave Existence: the Xeno-God



    The existence of a certain being, made of waves, and inhabiting a higher dimension with respect our universe, is a constant in both Xenogears and Xenosaga. But even then, differences arise, despite the base concept being totally identical. Whether these differences arise due to the story arcs both games represent being different from a meta-timeline perspective (Episode I and Episode V), thus creating different roles for their Gods to play; due to conceptual differences in the series’ reboot, or due to withheld information in each series (as both are incomplete), we don’t know. As with the other blogs, I’ll compare the similarities and differences both Wave Existences have, and later I’ll do some theorizing. Luckily, we’ll discern what sets both series apart in this aspect, and which aspects could act as complementary information.


    First off, let’s start with the first of them we came to know, the Wave Existence from Xenogears. This Wave Existence acts as the God of the 4 dimensional universe the series takes place in, with its Higher Dimension acting as a source of the universe. I’ll be using the script for Xenogears, instead of taking screenshots directly from cutscenes from now on, for commodity’s sake:


    WE

    In actuality, I do not have a physical form. I am an 'Existence' of a higher dimension. A place you cannot perceive... But in terms you understand, it is a world where everything acts as kinds of waves...

    It is the source of this four-dimensional universe... The place where time and space is controlled... The fluctuating void... The 'Wave Existence'.



    Karellen himself corroborates all of this during the game’s final segment, taking place within the Path of Sephirot:


    KRELIAN

    Before the beginning of the universe, in the undulating waves of the higher dimension, all things were one.

    It was the waves spilling out from there that created this four-dimensional universe of ours.

    'Humankind' and the 'Souls of Humankind' that were born from there, are merely leftovers of those spilled waves. So...

    Furthermore, it appears that the Wave Existence and its Higher Dimension are one. Karellen treats travelling there as tantamount to “becoming one with God”:


    KRELIAN

    Lacan... Why such reluctance to become one with the god? What attachment could you possibly have to this wretched old world?

    What meaning can be found in living out such a short existence... hurting others, hurting yourself, grinding one another down... only to inevitably die and return to dust?

    Why, everything we could ever desire is here... No need to be troubled by the need for love... For this place is filled with the love of god.



    About the backstory of Xenogears’ God… it was seemingly indifferent towards its creation, the dimensional universe, until it was pulled down into it and into the Zohar Event Modification Engine, its “cage of fleshly existence”, during an experiment trying to connect it to Deus, to make it into its power source:

    WE

    Long ago, a 'modifier', or a pseudo-perpetual, infinite-energy engine was created. That engine was named 'Zohar'.

    That reactor was created by an ancient people from another planet to attain what is considered to be the ultimate energy possible within this four-dimensional universe.

    Eventually, those people used that same engine to create the ultimate inter-planetary invasion weapon, 'Deus'... Zohar was used as its primary source of power.

    But the unexpected happened... During the connection tests of Zohar with the newly completed Deus, the engine started to examine infinite potential phenomena...

    Requiring energy, the engine connected this dimension to the higher dimensional space. As a result, that reactor 'merged' or 'synchronized' with the wave existence in that higher dimension... ME.

    I 'descended' from the point of contact created by the machine through the 'Path of Sephirot', or the domain you are in right now, and incarnated in the four-dimensional world.

    After I 'advented' to the four-dimensional world, in order to stabilize myself here, I had to exchange, or materialize, my form and enter into the 'modifier' engine...

    In other words, I became bound in 'Zohar'... the 'cage of fleshly existence'.

    From Xenogears: Perfect Works:

    During the connection experiment between Zohar and Deus, the Wave Existence hailed down from a higher dimension into our three dimensional world. As the Wave Existence descended, a boy accidentally came in contact with it and would greatly influence Deus' Self-Restoration Program.

    From another section of the same book:

    A bodiless existence from a higher dimension; it exists in the form of "waves" and thus, cannot be perceived, in its normal state, by the human mind. The universe originally existed in this dimension of waves before becoming the universe we are familiar with, however, the boundary between the dimensions was broken by Zohar, and the Wave Existence trickled down into our three dimensional world.

    As you can see, the Wave Existence of Xenogears is an expy for the Gnostic Monad, with its realm by Pleroma. It is the Creator God of the Xenogears universe and its only motivation, from what it can be gleamed at first sight anyway, is to have the Contact destroy the Zohar Engine, so it can return home again.

    Now, let’s examine what Xenosaga has to tell us. The Wave Existence, in this series, is known as U-DO, standing for “Unus Mundus Drive Operation”. This is just a cover story though, as we come to learn in later episodes. Xenosaga: Official Design Materials, a side book for Xenosaga Episode I: Der Wille Zur Macht, has this information on U-DO:

    The wave motion existence blockaded in old Miltia

    * Wave Motion Existence

    The wave motion existence sealed on old Miltia. Although it is talked about as

    though it were a discarnate entity, its true identity is the Zohar controlling system that serves as the core of the UMN and has the name "Unus Mundus Drive Operation".

    However, 14 years ago it went out of control, driving the U.R.T.V.s insane and victimizing many people, and invited enough chaos to drop old Miltia itself into 2 black holes. It was the Original Zohar that directly caused old Miltia to drop into the 2 black holes, but it was U-DO that drew the people unto madness.

    However, this is just a cover story for the truth. Further in the series, U-DO is revealed to be an existence hailing from the Upper Domain, basically serving as the top tier God of the series. From the Xenosaga Perfect Guide:

    U-Do is a wave-type existence belonging to the Upper Domain.

    A wave existence is not something that naturally has a shape. It is something like a form of consciousness, and is considered to be a state of existence resembling a human's consciousness in the imaginary domain.

    However, because the Upper Domain differs from the lower's imaginary domain, an upper-domain existence is fundamentally different from a human consciousness.

    Again from the Perfect Guide:

    And so, human beings became aware of U-Do because contact with U-Do at the depths of the UMN came to be confirmed. For that reason, humanity became strongly conscious of the relation between U-Do and the UMN, and so it was dubbed as UMN's Drive Operation. The ones that decided on that name were the implementers of the hyperspace drive: Vector Industries. However, because Wilhelm must have been aware of U-Do's true nature, this name is thought to have been produced in order to blind the eyes of humanity.





    The concept is pretty much completely identical up to this point. However, things soon begin to change. First of all, let’s look at what kind of “God” each of them is. The Wave Existence from Xenogears is the outright capital G God of the setting, being its original creator, and being one and the same with its Higher Dimension:

    WE

    I... I reside in Zohar. I am the beginning and the end. The first and the last.

    [Camera rotate around Fei to side view slowly as he looks up at the object of WE. Keep rotating behind WE. Camera rotate around both Fei and WE slowly throughout scene.]

    FEI

    ... God?

    WE

    God... Some would refer to me as that. From a certain point of view, it is right to view me as such. But at the same time, I am not. I... am also a part of you.

    However, Xenosaga takes quite the different approach by never outright saying U-DO is the Creator God of the series, just a Wave Existence that has taken interest in this particular Lower Domain, and is observing its Collective Unconscious in an attempt to understand human beings.





    From the Perfect Guide:

    U-Do's act of observation is caused by interest towards the existences that are far too different from each other-- the upper and lower domains. By observing an absolute another, one is trying to come to know oneself.

    There is also one more reason that U-Do must observe, and that is existence's crisis: the collapse of the universe.

    U-Do sensed the danger of the collapse of the universe, which involves both the upper and lower domains together, and it began to move in order to avoid that collapse.

    U-Do had perceived that the origin of the collapse was in the scattering of the Collective Unconscious, which is caused by the existence of the rejecting consciousnesses of humans in the lower domain. And so, it inevitably began to observe the lower domain.

    This is in stark contradiction to the fact that the Wave Existence in Xenogears seems to be interested in nothing more than fucking off to its own dimension. U-DO takes a heavy interest in humans and how their consciousness work, instead. In the same way, the Xenosaga Perfect Guide not only confirms that U-DO is not one with the Upper Domain, but this higher dimension is populated by numerous Waves Existences:


    Ones other than U-Do also exist in the upper domain. However, the only one who is accessing the lower domain is U-Do. Because the lower domain is not able to perceive the upper domain without there being access from the upper domain, as a result, the lower domain can perceive only U-Do's existence.

    Similarly, we see the effects U-DO’s waves have on reality, while such a thing is never done for the Wave Existence from Xenogears, which may already be a difference. U-DO’s waves are capable of “contaminating” human souls coming in contact with it. Those who do are shown a vision of the demise of all of existence: the collapse of the Collective Unconscious. Most of them go insane with the fear (with the exception of Nephilim), like Voyager, Albedo or Yuriev did.



    From the Perfect Guide:

    Those who contact U-Do, and those who are contacted by U-Do, are implanted with fear at the core of their consciousnesses.


    In fact, both Dmitri Yuriev and Voyager ended up coming into contact with U-Do at the depths of the UMN, and in order to wipe away the resulting fear that was carved into the very depths of their souls, they caused numerous incidents, hatched countless plots, and after hundreds of years, produced so many victims that it's incalculable.

    What was it that frightened them to such an extent?

    That very fear was the vision of the collapse of the world, which became the basis for U-Do's observation of the lower domain. Those who saw the vision of the annihilation of all existence, shocked by its directness, become terrified by the ultimate negation of existence.

    They also learn the fear of absolute loneliness; of U-Do, the solitary existence who has absolutely no one else; of the complete collapse of the universe, which is carved into them from U-Do's lonely and imperishable existence, and which amounts to denial since the origin of existence; and of the annihilation of any and all existence.

    The fear of nothingness and loneliness.

    This quote also points out that U-DO feeling loneliness may be an actual motivation of his, something which is never said of Xenogears’ Wave Existence.

    U-DO’s waves also have some catastrophic consecuences on reality itself. Then flowing down into the Lower Domain causes the Matter Shift phenomenon, which has shifted entire planets into the Imaginary Number Domain, including Ariadne, Old Miltia and Lost Jerusalem itself. From the Perfect Guide:

    There is a domain shift from the real number domain to the imaginary number domain that occurs within the lower domain due to energy that flows from the upper domain. In other words, it is the transformation of phenomena that exist in the lower domain's real number domain to an existence of the lower domain's imaginary number domain. This kind of domain shift phenomenon is what is called the "matter shift".

    Because its targets can no longer be perceived in the real number domain due to this, it is recognized that things vanish in a real number domain way.

    Even though domain-shifted matter becomes a purely imaginary number domain type existence, it doesn't mean that it is swallowed into the Collective Unconscious. That situation is considered to be analogous to Gnosification.

    On the lakeshore at Turkana, Kenya in A.D. 20XX, the Zohar was excavated. Afterwards, at Vector Industries, using Lemegeton which had been programmed by the hand of Grimoire Verum, a link experiment between a human and the Zohar was performed.

    Initially, Grimoire's daughter Nephilim was linked, and she vanished. Even after that, the link experiment continued, and they were successful in activating the Zohar.

    However, the energy that flowed from there was not something that humanity could control, and it was seen by humanity as nothing but the Zohar going berserk.

    A matter shift broke out over all of Lost Jerusalem, and its range of effect began to expand. In order to avoid its expanding, Lost Jerusalem was sealed by the hand of Wilhelm who holds the guardian function of the lower domain. For that reason, the matter shift did not spread; it was localized; and it was contained as a local matter shift.

    When a link experiment that utilized a Zohar Emulator was performed by the U-TIC Organization, a running-out-of-control accident occurred, and a matter shift broke out. Perhaps because it was an Emulator, the range of the matter shift was limited, and it became a local matter shift. As a result, the planet Ariadne, where this link experiment was performed, shifted en masse to the imaginary number domain and turned into a gigantic Gnosis.

    The Gnosified Ariadne was a mixture of parts that had remained in a real-domain-like state, and of course, parts that had Gnosis forms. Perhaps it can be said that even if things such as artificial objects, which have simple imaginary-domain-like structures, Gnosify, it doesn't necessarily mean they will have a completely Gnosis-like form.

    Furthermore, Gnosis seem to be attracted to U-DO’s waves light moths towards light:

    Essentially, there is only one single factor that makes Gnosis, who exist in the imaginary domain, arrive in the real domain: the light of the Zohar. Gnosis appear in the real number domain by responding to the Zohar, namely, the energy of U-Do's wave. For the Gnosis, the radiance of the Zohar may feel like an irresistible flame.

    Now that we’ve pointed out the similarities, as well as the differences, let’s do some theorizing. Are these “contradictions” all that irreconciliable? In this case, I definitely don’t think so. For one, I believe that, even if it isn’t outright said in Xenosaga, there’s strong evidence of U-DO having created the Lower Domain. Alongside the numerous references to U-DO being God, with all the religious significance that has, Yuriev points out how, in the past, “people lived together with God”, in what looks like a really fucking literal Garden of Eden scenario. Maybe it was just U-DO’s childlike observation, but the relationship Wave Existence-humans that Yuriev, plus all Xenosaga side materials, imply, looks nothing like U-DO was just casually observing humans. Eventually, these humans began to fear U-DO and desired to ascend to the Upper Domain, which resulted in their creation of the Relics of God, and their eventual “fall”:












    From the Truth of Xenosaga:

    The "extremely ancient civilization" are the people who sought the power of God in ancient times. They actualized Lemegeton by some kind of means, and manufactured the Relics of God from the information that was contained in it.

    Their purpose for using the Relics of God was to become God. They linked the upper and lower domains with Lemegeton, and they planned to try to shift to the upper domain by the power of the Relics of God. However, that act ended in failure. The ascension of humans to the upper domain was not something that could possibly be granted.

    And, the Relics of God and Lemegeton that they actualized were later analyzed by the hand of Grimoire and Mizrahi, to also be used by future generations.

    Next up is the Wave Existence’s attitude towards the universe and humans in general. The game Xenogears indeed does give off the feeling that it doesn’t care about humans, that it got randomly pulled into the Zohar during the Deus connection experiment but… if this is so, why the hell does the Wave Existence now of stuff that happened prior to it being trapped within the Zohar Event Modification Engine? Because the Existence clearly displays knowledge of such things when speaking to Fei after his contact:

    WE

    Long ago, a 'modifier', or a pseudo-perpetual, infinite-energy engine was created. That engine was named 'Zohar'.

    That reactor was created by an ancient people from another planet to attain what is considered to be the ultimate energy possible within this four-dimensional universe.

    Eventually, those people used that same engine to create the ultimate inter-planetary invasion weapon, 'Deus'... Zohar was used as its primary source of power.

    But the unexpected happened... During the connection tests of Zohar with the newly completed Deus, the engine started to examine infinite potential phenomena...

    Requiring energy, the engine connected this dimension to the higher dimensional space. As a result, that reactor 'merged' or 'synchronized' with the wave existence in that higher dimension... ME.

    I 'descended' from the point of contact created by the machine through the 'Path of Sephirot', or the domain you are in right now, and incarnated in the four-dimensional world.

    After I 'advented' to the four-dimensional world, in order to stabilize myself here, I had to exchange, or materialize, my form and enter into the 'modifier' engine...

    In other words, I became bound in 'Zohar'... the 'cage of fleshly existence'.

    Since the time I was bound in Zohar, I have always wanted to return to my own dimension... And I came to a conclusion.

    This does imply the Wave Existence has been observing humanity, in the same vein U-DO has been doing in Xenosaga. Plus, the quote says the motivation to “fuck off home” came after it was trapped, the Existence speaks of nothing prior to this. In Xenosaga, the event of U-DO getting trapped into the Zohar doesn’t happen, however, it wouldn’t be too farfetched that it may have wanted to release his Imaginary Number Domain observational terminal, Abel’s Ark, from Zarathustra, in Xenosaga’s second story arc, if indeed Abel’s Ark remained sealed. This wouldn’t contradict its previous motivation.

    This topic is some sort of another difference that I’m going to sneak in here… the two Wave Existences’ attitude towards human ascension to its dimension. In the ending of Xenogears, Karellen manages to achieve his aim of ascending to the Higher Dimension, becoming “one with God”. Why do I say this represents an attitude of Xenogears’ Wave Existence? Because, far from not giving a single fuck about humans, the game implies that the Wave Existence actually wants them to ascend, to join it in the Higher Dimension. In contrast, U-DO shut the fuck down of the upstart humans who tried to ascend, back in Extremely Ancient Lost Jerusalem:

    KRELIAN

    And what if that 'will' itself was predetermined? What then?

    Oh, what folly!? Humans are just primitive life forms that have no such things as free will...

    Mankind has merely been allowed to live in an imperfect state... "as is", "as will be"...

    It is for this very reason... because humans have this wretched 'will' or whatnot... that humans must experience sadness and loss.

    For someone to gain something means another must lose it... It is impossible to make humankind share limited "things" and "affections"...

    So I came to the conclusion that everything must be reverted back to where it all began.

    To go back to when all was one... waves, and nothing else... It is not my -Human's- ego... It is the will of the 'Waves'... the will of -god-...

    Karellen points out that it is God’s will for humans to ascend. Now you may say he was delusional. However, Xenogears: Perfect Works confirms that Karellen did, in fact, know of “god’s will”:

    Krelian also was born 500 years ago as one of the humans who was one of the descendants of the founders, Animus. Researching nanotechnology, even though he’s the only one that understands “the will of god”, unlike Elly or Fei, he has not continued from the beginning tied up with a special “fate”.

    My hypothesis is that the Wave Existence’s observation of the universe would have been made far more explicit in Xenogears Episode I than it was in the game proper. Plus, the various effects its waves have on reality were probably going to be revealed in that segment of the 6 Episode storyline too, given Perfect Works points out a certain occasion in which a planet completely vanishes due to a Zohar experiment, which sounds very much like what happened to Ariadne in Xenosaga. Plus, there’s also Lost Jerusalem becoming “inaccessible” to humans in Xenogears as well, even if we don’t know why:

    4765 Due to an accident of an unknown nature, the planet hosting research on "Project Zohar" was instantly annihilated, leaving nothing behind but the MAM itself-later discovered and recovered within the disaster zone.

    This could very much tie with a reveal of the dual domain structure I theorized about in the first part of this blog, which Xenogears Episode I could have very much displayed. I also found that the “waves” happen to look the same in both universes:





    There's also an extremely obscure similarity in the effects the waves have. It is that two beings that "made contact" with their respective Wave Existences gained the ability to transfer their consciousness into other bodies. I'm speaking about Yuriev and Grahf of course. This is what both Perfect Works and the Perfect Guide have to say about their ability:

    Those who have made contact with U-Do become aware of the vision of the future that U-Do perceives, and they become frightened.
    Also, due to this link to an upper-domain existence, Dmitri Yuriev, who was the first test subject of the living organism transfer experiments, gained the ability to manipulate the link between the real and imaginary domains. Specifically, it is the ability to perform {spiritual} possession at will; the attachment and detachment of consciousness from flesh.
    The germination of this kind of fear and the acquisition of an ability that excels in the lower domain is called "contamination by U-Do".


    A personality separated from Lacan due to contact with the Zohar, he is the possessor of great power who destroyed the world. After abandoning his fleshly body, he continued his own consciousness by taking possession of others.

    And from Xenogears' script:

    GRAHF

    "This is what Lacan wanted all along. After all, I'm an imperfect existence.

    It was inevitable that it would come to this... considering what had happened in the past.

    Lacan's imperfect secondary contact with the Wave Existence split his personality into two.

    Eventually his body died, but the original Lacan transmigrated...

    Bringing the destiny of becoming a Contact with him, he was reborn as your present body.

    The remaining persona, just his desires, lived on separately by possessing the bodies of others.

    That is Grahf... that is me.

    Now, let us assume that, in the Xenogears universe, an attempt at ascension also happened in extremely ancient times, and Big Wave shut them down. Why did it let Karellen into its dimension? My answer is character development. Which ties into the possibility of it observing mankind before getting trapped into Zohar. There’s also the fact that, through Fei’s actions, he now feels like letting humans in. In the Xenosaga universe, where an attempt at ascension did indeed happen, and assuming that its second story arc would feature a human ascending, being basically a reboot of Karellen’s actions in Xenogears, character development being in effect would also be an adequate reasoning as to why U-DO wants humans in the Upper Domain now. Maybe, through Abel, he finally managed to obtain that connection to people the Perfect Guide implies he desires and thus managed to understand humans, who wish for dispersal, now. Hence, he could possibly let a human inside the Upper Domain, assuming the Xenogears reboot would have followed its prototype to the point of featuring someone’s ascension.

    So this is my conclusion. Though there are some stark differences, I feel Xenogears actually having more games in its series would have made things clearer. So far, I feel both Wave Existences are not all that different.

    See you next time!
  2. What the fuck is up with Abel?



    The boy named Abel is a key character in both iterations of Monolith’s 6 Episode series. Invariably, this kid embodies one of the central mysteries in both Xenogears and Xenosaga, with his deep connection to each series’ Wave Existence being the centerpiece around which his character centers around.


    However, the role Abel plays in both series, alongside his connection and relationship with a certain redhead, who’ll show up later in this blog entry, is most definitely different. Not all differences are, however, key differences of the settings itself.


    Let’s start with Abel’s role in Xenogears, which is certainly where he was the most relevant, given the last of his incarnations is the game’s protagonist, Fei Fong Wong. Abel was a young boy who, per pure chance, stumbled upon the Zohar Event Modification Engine during one of its connection experiments to Deus, the one which likely resulted in the demise of a whole planet. From Xenogears: Perfect Works:

    A mysterious boy accidentally stumbled upon a top-secret military research installation, and upon contact with the Wave Existence, he was imbued with unfathomable powers.

    Abel’s finding of the Zohar, which had previously trapped the Wave Existence inside during the connection experiment, granted this universe’s God the possibility of granting the kid all his power, with the purpose of freeing him from his prison in the 4 dimensional universe. This way, Abel became the Contact, a human with all the power of the Wave Existence at his disposal. From Xenogears: Perfect Works:

    The one who contacted the Wave Existence 10,000 years ago and became the origin of Fei's reincarnation. The boy called Abel made contact with the Wave Existence which had been captured by Zohar, the phase transfer engine that was part of the Deus System. Zohar caused the incredible energy of the Wave Existence to pour into Abel. Because of this, Abel was destined to be reborn as the Contact over and over again.

    The Contact is the one who is meant to destroy Deus and thus free the Wave Existence to return to the higher dimension. The Wave Existence incorporated both Abel's human nature and the Mother's Will in the present dimension, and in order to return to its own dimension, it must achieve a reversal of this.

    After the Deus experiment went places, the weapon system is dismantled and shipped on board the Eldridge, to be safely disposed of. Abel was just one of the many settlers on board the gigantic spaceship. Deus suddenly activating and taking over the ship prompted the Captain to activate its self-destruction, causing the remains of the ship to fall into some unknown planet. Deus initiated its resurrection program there, by giving birth to a whole new humanity, thanks to his main element, Biological Computer Kadmoni.

    A wrench was thrown into his plan though. Abel survived the Eldridge’s explosion and subsequent crash, probably thanks to the Existence’s power (confirmed in Perfect Works), and established himself on the planet, being the only human there whose source was not Deus. The original humans, Emperor Cain and the Gazel Ministry, established themselves as the rulers of the new mankind on their god’s behalf. Cain himself began to be worshipped as a god himself, and Abel seemingly didn’t take his shit. What happened later is history, as Cain killed Abel. From Perfect Works:


    Intellectual life forms have begun to increase on the planet where Fei shall live. Also, Emperor Cain becomes the founder of a new generation of mankind and is venerated as a god. Abel, the sole survivor of the Eldridge crash, is repulsed by this belief and seeks a new way of life.

    0010 Emperor Cain was accepted by the people as a deity. Abel was repulsed by this belief. Abel's rebellion became Cain's nemesis.

    0011 Emperor Cain strategized a plan to eliminate Abel. However, Elehayym sacrificed herself for Abel and died for him instead. Miang contemplates this.

    Elehayym’s involvement is also mentioned, but I’ll come back to that later. Anyway, from here on, the Contact becomes a recurrent figure through the history of the Xenogears world. Abel’s soul will keep endlessly reincarnating, his memories dormant within his genetic code, as well as the power of the Wave Existence, to accomplish his eventual task of becoming “the Slayer of God”: destroying the Deus System and freeing the Wave Existence from Zohar.

    Despite not being called “Abel” anymore, his later incarnations, Kim, Lacan and finally Fei, would continue Abel’s mission. Kim, for example, was a scientist in the civilization of Zeboim, the third civilization to be wiped out due to them not being adequate parts for Deus. Lacan, who was more significant, was manipulated by Myyah to bring about the latest civilization reset of the planet, the Day of Collapse, in which the Diabolos wiped off a ninety something percent of the planet clean of humans. Important to note is also his relationship with Karellen, his best friend, who would eventually go on to become one of Episode V’s main antagonists, if not the main one. While Lacan’s soul managed to reincarnate into Fei, a split off soul that originated off Lacan’s after his incomplete contact with the Zohar, Grahf, was left haunting the world.

    Fei is the incarnation of Abel that finally manages to fulfill his mission: despite his psyche being badly damaged, which led to his developing of multiple personalities, he manages to unify them all and awaken his power as the Contact, which allowed him to destroy Deus, free the Wave Existence, and all of the new mankind.

    Now, let’s jump to Xenosaga. If Abel exists within this series to, what’s the deal with him? Abel gets exposure only in the last segment of the Xenosaga series, making him a character that’s not as relevant to the plot as he was in the series’ blueprint. At least not in what we saw, but I’ll get to this issue later. To the Xenosaga cast, he’s a mysterious boy (suffering from what seems to be autism) that serves as the pilot of Omega Res Novae, one of the Relics of God, which has been rehabilitated by the Salvator Faction of the Federation, led by Dmitri Yuriev, as one part of the anti-Gnosis system that’s to succeed Vector’s KOS-MOS.

    Later on, however, we get the truth about Abel’s identity: he’s U-DO himself. Or rather, he’s the way U-DO’s observation of the Lower Domain is perceived in its Real Number Domain. In simpler terms, he’s U-DO’s human avatar within the universe:



    From the Xenosaga III Perfect Guide:

    In order to observe, it is necessary to make contact with the lower domain. Abel and Abel's Ark are the forms of its contact. The former is for observing the real number domain of the lower domain, and the latter is for observing the imaginary domain.

    The "observation terminals" can be thought to be one of the partial functions of U-Do's main unit. When a lower domain existence becomes aware of U-Do's act of observation, they perceive it as the figure of Abel in the real number domain, and as a visualization of Abel's Ark in the imaginary domain.

    Abel and Abel's Ark exist only because U-Do observes the lower domain. And because humans, who exist in the lower domain, can also perceive them, they are able to know of U-Do's existence. But if U-Do were to stop its observation, the two terminals would vanish, and the means to perceive U-Do would also be lost from the lower domain.

    And from The Truth of Xenosaga:

    When U-Do's act of observation is seen from the side of the lower domain, it is recognized as "Abel", which had the appearance like that of a young boy in the real-number domain (substance), and as "Abel's Ark", a phenomenon where the existence of the imaginary-number domain (consciousness) is perceived in the real-number domain.

    While Abel is U-DO’s observational terminal in the Real Number Domain, the gigantic Gnosis known as Abel’s Ark (which ironically looks like Xenogears’ Eldridge ship) is his Imaginary Number Domain avatar, while his true Wave Existence form is higher than all of this, being an Upper Domain existence. Xenosaga’s Abel is merely an extension of the series’ Wave Existence for the purpose of observation, and not an independent human child that just, mysteriously, came upon the Zohar and received the Wave Existence’s power. This difference in concept sets an unprecedent divide between both versions of the character in terms of their nature.

    And before anyone says so, I’ve already consider theorizing that, just maybe, Abel in Xenogears was a literal avatar of the Wave Existence too. Xenogears: Perfect Works just explains Abel coming into contact with the Wave Existence as “chance”. It doesn’t bother explaining why a damn child was running around a facility obviously run by the military for such a big project, like Deus:

    Abel accidentally stumbled across the Deus\Zohar connection experiment and the facility that housed it.

    Abel's unknown background and reasons for being near the Zohar are pointed out in Perfect Works, suggesting this was a question that Xenogears Episode I would have addressed:

    The boy who made contact with the Wave Existence that advented into Zohar during serial mobile experiments with Deus and Zohar. Afterwards, he was a passenger on the Eldridge. He was the lone survivor at the time of its crash. His origin and his reason for his being near Zohar during the serial experiments are unknown.

    However, even though Perfect Works was vague in this issue, and someone could easily argue this was just teasing for more revelations in Xenogears Episode I, the game Xenogears itself heavily contradicts this theory by having the Wave Existence address Fei, during contact, as a separate existence from itself, back when he was Abel:


    Given this was not explicitly retconned in Perfect Works, nor did the book give us any reason to doubt this part (despite lots of stuff in that particular conversation, such as the origin of the Zohar, being retconned by it), it is almost assured that this is a difference in concept between the two universes: the original and the reboot, something that is to be expected.

    One key difference I wish to point out is their relationship to a certain redheaded female character that plays a large role in each’s Abel’s development: Elly (Xenogears) and Nephilim (Xenosaga). Both of these girls, being absolute look alikes, are deeply intertwined with Abel.

    This is more noticeable in the case of Xenogears’ Abel. Elly was born out of Abel’s desire for a mother, which was heard by the Wave Existence. A “mother’s will” was inserted within the main element of Biological Computer Kadmoni, Persona, shaping it into Elly. After the new genesis, Elly was born in a new body after the original Mother (Persona’s main body, awakened as Myyah Hawwa) differentiated herself into both Myyah and herself. Elly sought Abel out and their relationship evolved from mother-child to lovers, staying that way through all of the new planet’s history. As the “Counter Existence” to the Contact, Elly was kind of his destined lover, a part of the Wave Existence (in this way, Elly is kinda similar to Xenosaga’s Abel, when you think about it), essential for the Contact’s full awakening and who always sacrificed her life in case Abel’s was threatened. Her multiple incarnations have been killed in this way multiple times: She sacrificed against Cain to save Abel, she sacrificed herself to Zeboim’s soldiers (under Myyah’s command) for Kim’s sake, and did the same as Sophia to defeat Solaris. However, as the main body of Persona, Deus’ central element, she was also part of System Deus, and key to its complete resurrection.


    From Perfect Works:

    Abel accidentally stumbled across the Deus\Zohar connection experiment and the facility that housed it, where he made contact with the Wave Existence, and as a result, a woman took form within Zohar. In the game, the Wave Existence takes Abel's "Will for a Mother" and creates Elehayym.

    Again, from the same book:

    When Original Elehayym is in the 'On' state, it becomes Deus' Miang; when the Original Elehayym is in the 'Off' state, it is the Wave Existence's "Elehayym."

    After creating Cain, founder of humanity, Miang Hawwa split into both Elehayym and Miang; after that, Abel's "Will for a Mother" was granted by the Wave Existence as a product of this process. The sole purpose of this differentiation was to provide Abel with a "Mother" independent of the Original Elehayym so that she could guide the prospective Contact. Had the Wave Existence not descended from its higher dimension, this differentiation would not have occurred.

    In Xenosaga, Nephilim was not some will created by the Wave Existence for Abel’s sake. She was born on Earth much before mankind’s thrust into space, when Lost Jerusalem was still accessible. She was Grimoire Verum’s daughter. It turns out that her father was the key investigator on the Zohar and the creator of the Lemegeton program, which could boot the damn monolith up. Grimoire, being the good father that he is, decided to use her daughter as a test subject in a Zohar connection experiment which, surprise, ended with her being shifted to the Imaginary Number Domain. From the Perfect Guide:

    In the era of Lost Jerusalem, the Zohar was discovered at Lake Turkana in Kenya, and during the Zohar's link experiments, the first test subject, Nephilim, vanished. Due to Program Lemegeton, which her father, Grimoire, wrote from having deciphered ancient documents, Nephilim came into contact with U-Do and shifted to the imaginary number domain.

    Nephilim came to be closely watched over by U-DO, who sensed something special within her. We don’t know what this is, as this was left a mystery, likely to be explored in the reboot of “Episode V”. However, it is noted Nephilim was never contaminated upon contact with U-DO like others, like Yuriev, Albedo or Voyager were, nor did she turn insane:

    U-Do sensed something special in Nephilim. Although she was a human who existed in the lower domain, she felt as if somehow different from other humans. Therefore, Nephilim became a special target of observation for U-Do.

    In fact, even after Nephilim came into contact with U-Do, she never took selfish, hostile, or treacherous actions like Yuriev or Voyager who had fear carved into them, nor did she fall to the madness of contamination.

    This was what indicated Nephilim's unique characteristics, and it was the reason that U-Do recognized Nephilim as something special.

    And, actually, Nephilim may have been endowed with something that U-Do was looking for.

    And now we come to learn that Abel’s true purpose for even existing was to observe Nephilim, from a Real Number Domain perspective that is, as U-DO wishes to see her from all sides. If he hadn’t taken notice of Nephilim, he’d been content with Abel’s Ark observing the Collective Unconscious, and Abel would have never appeared in Xenosaga at all. So yeah, there’s clearly a connection between Nephilim and U-DO/Abel, as his main priority remains Nephilim’s observation:


    U-Do, who had achieved contact with Nephilim, further wished to observe Nephilim from many sides. For that purpose, it began to observe the imaginary domain's Nephilim from the real domain as well, and extended its observation terminal into the real number domain. That was the appearance of Abel.

    And that was the reason that Abel's appearance coincided with Nephilim's disappearance.

    As a result, although Abel possesses various functions as an observation terminal of the real number domain, his first priority is to observe Nephilim from the real domain side.

    For this very reason, Abel has interest in Nephilim. Abel drew Nephilim's portrait because he was always conscious of her as a special target for observation.

    Oh, the irony. While Elly existed for Xenogears’ Abel’s sake, Xenosaga’s Abel existed for Nephilim’s sake. It wouldn’t have surprised me if this had developed into full blown romantic love by the time of the second story arc. And no, I’m definitely not hinting at anything. During the whole story arc, Abel only exhibits great curiosity towards Nephilim, never outright love. What is this curiosity though? A “desire for a mother”, as his Xenogears counterpart had? I don’t think so, primarily cause, in this series, Abel is not a lost human kid who’s barely 7 years old, but an observation terminal of God himself. This difference in concept between the two series causes this motivation to become extremely unlikely.

    Now that we’ve finished pointing out the main differences, a question comes to mind. Would have Abel and Nephilim gone on to play the same roles Fei (Abel) and Elly did in Xenogears, once the second story arc (which was this game’s reboot) started? This section of the blog will get into theories territory, as the last part of the previous blog also did.

    Most people will answer with an outright “no” to that, given there’s no Eldridge in Xenosaga to carry Abel to an unknown planet, there’s no Deus to produce a crash landing nor to create a new humanity, the Wave Existence (U-DO) is not trapped in a “cage of fleshly existence”, Nephilim didn’t exactly originate from the Wave Existence, and Abel is not a human kid that can receive power from Big G God in the first place. Well, to all these people, I say, welcome to the world of reboots. Xenosaga (at least what we got of the series) was never meant to become Xenogears Episode I. It’s a reboot of it, a re-envisioning, re-imagining, whatever you want to call it. Therefore, the authors can allow themselves to rewrite certain things out, or make them happen in a different way, for whatever reasons they have (copyright laws aside). I’ll discuss some of these elements sometime in the future. Or maybe I’ll change my mind, I dunno.

    I think it is indeed very likely that Abel and Nephilim would have taken Fei and Elly’s places as the central characters of Xenosaga’s second story arc, which would have probably been a re-envisioning of Xenogears, the same way Shion’s story arc was one of Xenogears Episode I. I don’t consider the relatively small role they had in the plot (well, Abel has quite a fair bit of importance in the plot, as Yuriev needed him for his whole ascension ploy, and he needed to be sealed by Wilhelm to carry out Eternal Recurrence. About that last one bit, we’ll revisit it in no time) to be an indicative of how big their role would have been in future Episodes. Despite the huge role the Contact and his Counter Existence (translated as “Antitype” in the game) played in Episodes II-V of the Xenogears timeline, I doubt some random ass kid would have played a huge role in Xenogears Episode I anyway. Same with Elly, who if anything, didn’t even exist until the final segment of said story arc. So their Xenosaga counterparts likely got more screentime than they were scheduled to in the Xenogears project. Personally, I love the rewrites they’ve done. They have gotten more interesting backstories, plus more screentime.

    The ending of Xenosaga, despite appearences, manages to create the set up for a future plot line with shades of “freeing the Wave Existence” thanks to Zarathustra, the Relic of God that Wilhelm planned to use to create Eternal Recurrence. Zarathustra, to prevent U-DO’s observation of the Lower Domain influencing his time loop, seals “the two Abels”. Abel was freed from Zarathustra in the ending, leaving him to roam free again. However, Abel’s Ark was not even addressed to have been freed from Zarathustra, and both got caught in the dimensional shift created by chaos and Nephilim, getting transported to Lost Jerusalem. This would make U-DO unable to observe human consciousness, and would gimp him his influence upon the universe, which is pretty much analogous to how the Wave Existence was trapped (influence=sealed) in Xenogears. The only wrench one may throw to this theory is that the Zohar was detached from Zarathustra at the end, but this is the closest I've managed:




    This is what the Perfect Guide tells us:

    The Zohar, which is the door to energy of the upper domain, is inserted into Zarathustra. Due to this, U-Do's activity of observing the lower domain is sealed, and by weakening the link between the upper and lower domains, it allows to reduce the risk of causing Eternal Recurrence side-effects on other domains. Also, the flow of consciousness of the lower domain is freed from the effects of U-Do, which also had the purpose of controlling for the sake of Eternal Recurrence.

    It’s also not like Abel is some powerless child, as he can effectively channel his true form’s power. He was the reason Omega Res Novae was more powerful than Proto Omega, despite using a mock Emulator and not the Original Zohar as a power source. From the Xenosaga Episode III: Also Sprach Zarathustra Database:

    A unit based off Proto Omega, which was recovered during the fall of Miltia.

    Recreated and partially upgraded by Dmitri Yuriev as an anti-Immigrant Fleet

    weapon.

    Although it does not house the Original Zohar itself, it uses Abel as its core

    module and an emulator as an auxiliary, making its power far greater than the

    original Proto Omega.

    What seems to throw a wrench in the “Abel will eventually be Xenosaga’s Fei” theory is that his consciousness is not independent from U-DO, though we don’t know what was it that chaos transferred to Abel at the very end, when performing the domain shift. There’re no hints that it will ever be, aside from a passage from The Truth of Xenosaga that specifies how Abel “desires” to remain on the Lower Domain and to feel a connection to people, see past the flow of consciousness, which somehow has some shades of craving to be human:

    Even though the system had stopped, Zarathustra continued to run out of control. Inside of it, Nephilim appeared before a crouching Abel. Abel and Nephilim-- two of the mutually-complementive existences that constitute the dimensional universe-- faced each other. Nephilim sensed the desire of Abel's will-- to remain in the lower domain, to want to feel a connection to all people, and to want to see beyond the changes brought about by human consciousness.

    Furthermore, all pieces of the ending of Xenosaga seem to hint at a Xenogears like scenario. KOS-MOS, having awakened as Mary Magdalene and the bearer of Animus, transferred said power to Nephilim, who used it to gather all Gnosis who had gone berserk due to their rejection of union… into her womb. After doing this, she transforms into an adult form, insanely reminiscent of “Original Elehayym” in Xenogears. This is what the Perfect Guide has to say:

    In the core of planet Michtam, the power of Animus, which had been freed from KOS-MOS, unified the vessels of Anima circling around Zarathustra and released the power of Anima. The power of Animus took the form of Maria from the era of ancient Lost Jerusalem, and likewise, the power of Anima became the form of chaos from that same era. Then, with the power of Anima dwelling in chaos, the power of Animus went to dwell in Nephilim.

    Why did the power of Animus dwell in Nephilim and not KOS-MOS?

    It was because the consciousness of Maria that was within KOS-MOS wished it.

    Abel chose to remain in the real number domain, and Nephilim made a matching decision to his. Believing that such a new existence would become a new possibility that clears a way for the future, the power of Animus was passed down to a new generation.


    This is oddly fitting, considering Michtam is also the name of the planet Deus went out of control in the outline of Xenogears Episode I given by Perfect Works. More Perfect Guide stuff:

    The power of Animus that dwelled in Nephilim; the power of Anima that dwelled in chaos; U-DO who remained in the real number domain; and the Zohar.

    These things, which had existed in the era of ancient Lost Jerusalem, were the reappearance of the relationship that links, in the real domain, power of the imaginary domain to the upper domain.

    They gathered up the many rejecting consciousnesses that were causing the crisis of the scattering of the universe, and made a dimensional shift to Lost Jerusalem.

    On Lost Jerusalem, they would weave a new history.

    In order to construct such a history, the power of Anima and Animus may perhaps come to be used once again.

    For the sake of widening the possibility of the future.

    The only oddly matching thing, aside from those Xenogears elements like the Eldridge or Deus that are missing, is that this is going to take place in Lost Jerusalem (Earth) instead of in a random planet. Perhaps this was a way to explore why Deus was aiming for Lost Jerusalem when it took over the Eldridge, albeit in other circunstances.

    So a “new history” taking place in Earth, no space travel available, with Anima, Animus, the Zohar and U-DO (Abel) present? Sounds like Xenogears to me, no clue about you. Only thing missing is mentioning how Nephilim would give birth as a new “mother” to the souls that became Gnosis, turning them again into people. Oh wait, the Perfect Guide also says that:

    The rejecting consciousnesses that had become Gnosis went through the domain shift to Lost Jerusalem together with Nephilim, chaos, and Abel. There, they will perhaps build up a new civilization.

    The Gnosified consciousnesses-- in other words, the strong souls that tend to refuse to go quietly into the Collective Unconscious-- they are turned into existences of the real domain and begin to live as people.

    It is expected to become something altogether different from the history that had once occurred on Lost Jerusalem. The birth of organisms (and ecosystem) due to turning the Gnosified consciousnesses into real domain existences will become what greeted the new situation. The effect of U-Do and the Zohar will be there as well. So also will the effect of Anima and Animus. Perhaps a dramatic change such as that will be what leads to the possibility of a new future.

    Alongside more hammering of the fact that the influence of the Zohar, U-DO, Anima and Animus would be there. Given that Nephilim now bears Animus (same as Original Myyah, as she bore it into her womb before giving birth to it as Cain and the Gazel Ministry), it is possible the souls she gives birth to will inherit some of it. Perhaps even become a governing council over the new humans once shit goes places because, being honest, things gotta go haywire for there to be some plot. Chaos will also re-appear in a “new form” (Takahashi did say it, KOS-MOS and chaos are the key Xenosaga characters. They would appear in all story arcs, although not necessarily in the same form). KOS-MOS, that is, Mary’s will which remained within her robotic body, would also come to awaken again.

    Okay theory mode off. See you next time!
  3. Hello everyone. Starting now, this blog will try to expose the multiple diferences between the universe presented in the game Xenogears, an RPG classic developed by SquareSoft for the Playstation 1, and in the Xenosaga series, a trilogy of Playstation 2 RPGs developed by Monolith Soft, who now are mainly known for their Xenoblade series. The Xenosaga trilogy was published by Namco.


    The relationship between Xenogears and Xenosaga has been, as much as it can be for such a niche fandom, a strong point of contention between fans of one series or the other, or even fans of both. These games have, of course, strong connections from the get go, being the brainchildren of Takahashi Tetsuya and his wife Tanaka Kaori, also known by her pseudonym Soraya Saga. Monolith Soft was a splinter company of SquareSoft, and it was mostly made up by the people who worked on Xenogears. I, for one, won’t deny the connection between the two series. They are, definitely, deeply intertwined, and I feel taking both into account is completely indispensable to even begin to grasp “what could have been”.


    I’ll stop being a vague ass and actually explain that: both Xenogears and Xenosaga were attempts by the Monolith Soft team at creating an epic sci-fi series, spanning from the beginning to the end of the universe in its timeline, made up of a total of no less than 6 EPISODES. None of the two actually succeeded, and were left as unfinished stories that will likely never be wrapped up. Xenogears was the starting title of this (planned) epic saga, being Episode V out of 6. The 6 episode timeline got first revealed in Xenogears: Perfect Works, a side guide for the universe of this fantastic game that not only gave us much needed info about Episode V itself, but also gave a not small teaser for Episode I, the next game they planned to release (Takahashi Tetsuya, main creator of the series, somewhat stated that Episodes II-IV wouldn’t have made it in game format, as they were mostly covered in flashbacks during Xenogears itself. The games that would need to be made were Episode I, where it all started, and Episode VI, the series’ end and the sequel to Xenogears). As Xenogears was about the Eldridge’s crash in an unknown planet, the weapon Deus’ attempt to resurrect itself by creating a new genesis on said planet and using humans as parts, and the Contact’s quest to free humans from the bonds of the System and ultimately, God Himself from the Zohar Engine, Xenogears Episode I would have been a game about original mankind, that became a spacefaring species after having abandoned Earth (now christened Lost Jerusalem) and ended up creating Deus.


    This game didn’t become a reality, as Square denied the funds after Xenogears didn’t do as well as they demanded it to. This led to the Square-Monolith split, which lead to Xenosaga, a whole re-envisioning of the Xenogears 6 Episode series, but this time starting right away from Episode I. Further complications within Monolith itself led to the series being cut short. Instead of being a 6 game series, dedicating two full games to Episode I, Episode V and Episode VI respectively, the series became a trilogy that covered only Episode I and furthermore, left numerous story elements out of the main games, which were heavily rewritten from how the original creators had envisioned them. The series ended on a fucking painful cliffhanger that implied the continuation of the series into its second story arc, something that never came to pass, but still wrapped up the plot of Episode I, so as to look somewhat complete.


    Now that the history lesson is over, lemme conclude this introduction. Xenogears and Xenosaga are two deeply connected series. I expect people to deny this, but they’d be obviating so much evidence it wouldn’t even be funny. Those denying any connection that would make us understand what remained unwritten for both series, I think, are just assblasted about the fact that Xenosaga didn’t turn out to be Xenogears Episode I, something which this series was never meant to become. The connection is basically that Xenosaga is a reboot of the Xenogears series, concretely, a reboot of the never released Xenogears Episode I. This way, we shall consider the PS1 classic to be a prototype, or “blueprint” if you may, for Xenosaga. Given only Episode V of the Xenogears series was released, it is common sense (and it is supported by overwhelming evidence) accepting that it would have been the prototype to the never released second story arc of Xenosaga, after the ending of Episode III: Also Sprach Zarathustra.


    However, I believe that it is equally as foolish trying to state that both these series belong to the same continuity, or canon. It is the same as trying to say that Star Trek: The Wrath of Khan and Star Trek: Into Darkness belong in the same continuity. There exist, as I’ll show in due time, numerous differences that make the series definitely not take place in the same continuity, despite the humongous number of similarities that also exist. Also, I’ll examine too some suspected differences and how, upon closer examination of both series, may not be differences after all, despite the consensus about them being so. So, I won’t entertain you with this big as fuck intro any longer, let’s begin!



    Structure of the universe


    In Xenogears, nearing the game’s ending, we get an exposition of the structure of the universe from Karellen, the game’s main antagonist, just prior to Fei’s confrontation with final boss Urobolus within the Path of Sephirot itself. Basically, there’s the Higher Dimension where the Wave Existence, “God”, resides. As an allusion to Gnostic Pleroma, the Higher Dimension is regarded by Karellen as being the same as the Wave Existence, given that travelling there, in his words, means “becoming one with God”:




    From God’s leftover waves, the 4 dimensional universe Xenogears takes place in was born:












    This is the structure of the cosmology pertaining to the Xenogears universe, in rough terms. There’s also the Path of Sephirot, which is basically the dimension that acts as the pathway from the 4 dimensional universe into the Higher Dimension. It doesn’t exist in Xenosaga, speculation aside.


    Now let’s jump to Xenosaga, which takes a fairly more complex approach to its cosmology. The dual structure universe still exists, with the Higher Dimension being named Upper Domain, and the “4 dimensional universe” where the games take place being the Lower Domain.


    The Upper Domain is basically the same as it was in Xenogears, being a higher dimension of waves where U-DO, a Wave Existence regarded to as “the God of this dimension” lives:





    From the Xenosaga III Perfect Guide:


    U-Do appears in the Lower Domain as Abel's Ark and the young boy Abel, speaks to people like Shion and Yuriev as a wave-type existence, releases an inexhaustible supply of energy into the Lower Domain through the Zohar, and causes matter shifts. What in the world is this "U-Do" who exists in the Upper Domain?



    The Perfect Guide makes a point of revealing that, even though there’s only a single Upper Domain, it contains multiple Lower Domains, something which was never specified in Xenogears. If you were inclined to believe this same structure applies to the PS1 game’s cosmology, it is indeed possible, and could have been a fact reserved for the unreleased Episode I, as Xenosaga introduces this concept. This, however, won’t leave the realm of speculation. The concept of the Upper Domain being “one with God” has been abandoned as well, as it can be seen in the diagram below.



    Xenosaga elaborates a hell lot more than its predecessor does in the structure of the known universe, that is, the Lower Domain, which follows a dual domain structure within itself: it is formed by the Real Number Domain, the world of substance and material existence, and the Imaginary Number Domain, the realm of the soul and concepts. Both of these domains overlap, and any existence that exists in one of them has a counterpart in the other. From the Perfect Guide:


    In the lower domain where mankind exists, two mutually complementary domains coexist: the real number domain and imaginary number domain. A dual-layer structure similar to this also exists in the upper domain.

        However, the lower domain existence of mankind is unaware of what kind of state the dual-layer structure of the upper domain is in. This is because it is impossible to perceive and understand the structure of a higher-level domain from a lower-level one.


    The Upper Domain is also said to possess this structure, but the details of it are unknown.


    The lower domain is organized according to the imaginary and real number domains. The imaginary number domain can be described as the domain of consciousness, or the domain of concepts, or perhaps even the domain of the soul. And the real number domain is considered to be the domain of substance. These two domains exist as two sides of the same coin, and all things that exist in the real domain, the material domain, also exist in the imaginary domain, the spiritual domain. This would have been considered similar to the world of the soul spoken about by religions that existed in many numbers in the era of Lost Jerusalem.

    All things that exist in the real number domain have an imaginary number domain existence.

        In other words, what exists in the real domain must always also exist in the imaginary domain.

        This is a law that does not change, whether it may be living or non-living, natural or artificial.

        There is no exception to this rule, even if, for example, it is something incorporeal like software.



    In the Imaginary Number Domain, the Collective Unconscious holds everything together. All consciousness join in the Collective, and extremely individualistic, fearful of union to others consciousness, which eventually become Gnosis, eventually cause a phenomenon that will cause the dispersal of the Collective and, eventually, the collapse of all of existence. Such is the main threat in Xenosaga, which must be avoided at all costs. This extends to the Upper Domain itself. From the Truth of Xenosaga (there’s a mention of “dimensional universe”, which is a pretty Xenogears-like description):


    The dimensional universe that has become the stage of Xenosaga is composed of two overlapping domains: the real-number domain-- the real-number universe that can be perceived (to know via a sense organ)--, and the imaginary-number domain-- the imaginary-number universe that cannot be perceived. Every single thing that's in the universe is something that exists, extending into these two domains. For example, in the case of humans, the "substance and flesh" that can be seen and touched are in the real-number domain, and the "consciousness and heart" that cannot be sensed are existing in the imaginary number domain.

    All consciousness exist in the imaginary number domain, and there is no separation between consciousness. In other words, the consciousness of others are completely and directly sensed. The Swiss psychiatrist Jung called this co-ownership of consciousness the "Unus Mundus". The "UMN" in the story is something that uses the imaginary number domain -- the collective unconscious where no restrictions exist -- as a wide-area information network for performing space jumps and ultra-high-speed communication.

    Also, according to Jung, there is a hierarchy in human consciousness, and the lowest depths of it is being connected to the consciousness of the entire universe. When it becomes this level, it is no longer necessary to explain to each other with words, but at the same time, it also has the side where emotions, such as malice, that are not wanted to be communicated to another, are easily communicated.

    The consciousness that held fear towards the special characteristic that the collective unconscious is endowed with, in time would choose to "escape from the collective unconscious". And, following the increase of the rejecting, evasive consciousnesses, the entirety of the collective unconscious becomes exposed to the crisis of scattering and dispersal.



    And from the Perfect Guide:



     Consciousnesses of rejection arise in the imaginary number domain of the lower domain. The direction of those consciousnesses is to disperse, refusing to integrate with the Collective Unconscious. Those consciousnesses turn into Gnosis within the imaginary domain.

        Up to a certain fixed amount, the consciousnesses of the imaginary domain are maintained by the cohesive power of the Collective Unconscious. However, when the pull of the rejecting consciousness exceeds a critical point, it surpasses the cohesive power of the consciousnesses in the imaginary domain, and becomes a power that fragments and disperses all consciousness. This is similar to a nuclear fission reaction. Right when a critical point is exceeded, a violent chain reaction is generated and it explodes with overwhelming destructive power. In other words, because the rejecting consciousnesses cross a threshold, the cohesion of consciousness in the imaginary domain shatters. It is the scattering of the Collective Unconscious, and as a result, the imaginary domain collapses. Because the lower domain exists with the imaginary and real number domains in a complementary relationship, the collapse of the imaginary domain also causes the collapse of the real domain.

        Furthermore, the entire universe isn't something that consists of only the lower domain; it is something that includes the upper and lower domains. And so, the collapse of one domain exerts an effect onto other domains. Which means: the collapse of the imaginary number domain in the lower domain causes the collapse of the real number domain in the lower domain, so that there is the possibility that the resulting collapse of the entire lower domain will also cause even the upper domain to collapse. That is the spread of the collapsing energy.

        This is the worse-case scenario of the "Collapse of the Universe". The collapse of the universe doesn't just mean only the spatial-universe {'outer space'} that can be recognized in the real domain; it also involves the upper domain. It means the destruction of all existence.



    That’s, more or less, the cosmology of the Xenosaga series. Now, let us think about a certain matter. Is the dual domain structure exclusive to the reboot, or was it a thing in Xenogears as well? This won’t leave the realm of theory, mind you, but it is still worth giving it some thought. Because, actually, we can find stuff in Xenogears that could point out the existence of the Imaginary Number Domain, indicating this could be concept that would have been elaborated upon in Xenogears Episode I. Given the dual domain structure is integral to Xenosaga’s plot, there’s heavy indication of this.


    First, Karellen randomly namedrops “the souls of humankind” as different entities from “humankind” itself. This not only confirms the existence of souls in Xenogears, which would be a huge indication already, but also addresses them in a way suggestive of them being complementary to mankind’s material form (but that’s a given):



    Also, he addresses the fact that only Fei’s consciousness is actually within the Path of Sephirot. Consciousness is the most common word the Xenosaga series uses to refer to the soul:




    The information for Xenogears Episode I in Xenogears: Perfect Works, which acted as a teaser for the unreleased game, portrays a very interesting event. That of a planet vanishing during an experiment with the Zohar:


    4765 Due to an accident of an unknown nature, the planet hosting research on "Project Zohar" was instantly annihilated, leaving nothing behind but the MAM itself-later discovered and recovered within the disaster zone.



    The fact that only the MAM, key component of the Zohar in Xenogears, was left (no debris), suggests that a certain event that happened in Xenosaga, requiring of the existence of the Imaginary Number Domain, took place. In Xenosaga Episode I: Der Wille zur Macht, the U-TIC organization (which covered up as an organization for the research of the Zohar) caused the planet Ariadne to vanish into Imaginary Space during a connection experiment with a Zohar Emulator, leaving it floating in space (no debris). This is called a Matter Shift, and caused the Gnosification of the entire planet, turning it into the Cathedral Ship. From the Perfect Guide:


    When a link experiment that utilized a Zohar Emulator was performed by the U-TIC Organization, a running-out-of-control accident occurred, and a matter shift broke out. Perhaps because it was an Emulator, the range of the matter shift was limited, and it became a local matter shift. As a result, the planet Ariadne, where this link experiment was performed, shifted en masse to the imaginary number domain and turned into a gigantic Gnosis.

    The Gnosified Ariadne was a mixture of parts that had remained in a real-domain-like state, and of course, parts that had Gnosis forms. Perhaps it can be said that even if things such as artificial objects, which have simple imaginary-domain-like structures, Gnosify, it doesn't necessarily mean they will have a completely Gnosis-like form.



    Perfect Works goes on and on hinting about the existence of the soul, which could lead to a similar concept to the Imaginary Number Domain existing in Xenogears as well. Hell, its entry for the Urobolus Ring mentions the Collective Unconscious, albeit in a symbolic(?) way. Though this is an issue I wish to address another time. Maybe:



    The "Urobolus" refers to the snake that devours its own tail. That image, of something feeding itself, psychologically indicates the state devoid of conflict before an Ego is established-- the Collective Unconscious. It is a state in early childhood where a person cannot yet discern things himself, where there is no conflicting difference between reality and his sense of self. Once the Ego forms, it produces a necessity to sever this circle in order to break away from the unconscious. This is the establishment of one's own conscious world. The basis on which to discern things is born, and there begins to be conflict towards reality that goes beyond that basis of discernment.

    "Great Mother" is a name that symbolizes a mother who hinders her child's process of breaking away from this circle (from developing an Ego).



    The Urobolus went on to be used as the symbol of the U.M.N. in Xenosaga. Yeah, that internet/hyperspace equivalent that turns out had its whole infrastructure upon the Collective Unconscious, as its name (Unus Mundus Network) suggests.


    Then there’s the whole debacle with the Aeons (mistranslated as “Seraphs” in the game), the terminal weapons Deus right away incarnates from the numerous souls he’s absorbed. They are noted to be human souls:







    And the After Word to Perfect Works notes that Deus can cause “spiritual union”, the fusion of souls:

    Fei and the others destroyed “god”. Not only destroying the flesh of god, but the ability to cause spiritual union and the fate of humanity was freed in the fight against Deus when it was destroyed and “humanity” was reborn now free from those bonds.


    This is pure speculation but again, I feel there’s very strong evidence for the dual domain structure to apply to Xenogears’ universe as well.


    Here I end part 1 of this blog!
  4. Well, I was flicking through my memories about Dies Irae (for anyone who doesn't know, it is a visual novel by Masada Takashi, pretty unknown in the west because it lacks a translation) and, suddenly, the idea for this blog came to my mind. Specifically, this chapter of the game has very well done symbolism, which I noticed was specially highlighted by the dialogue in the whole segment. This me realize... Holy shit, we have Final Fantasy VI final battle tier material right here! So I thought, why not writing a little "essay" about it? Sounds like fun.

    Well, this goes without saying. This blog contains heavy spoilers for the last route of the game, which is, arguably, the most important of all of them (plus, it's the canon one) so, if you were going to eventually pick up the game, I recommend to stay away from this. If you don't fulfill said condition, go on reading.


    So, why don't we start with the chapter title? Sol Lucet Omnibus. It's a Latin sentence which, translated, roughly means "The Sun shines over everything" (or everyone, not sure. Anyway, that doesn't matter in the general picture). How's this significant at all? Well... it summarizes what happens in this chapter really damn well. Isaak, Eine Zonnekind, swallows up a bunch of the game's characters into Valhalla, personal domain of big bad Reinhard Heydrich:



    Yeah, it looks like damn pleasant place to be in now, doesn't it? And if that wasn't obvious, no, it isn't. It is Hell, a horrible shape of Hell. If your soul falls into this Castle, it will have to fight another hundred million souls for eternity. And that's not the only thing... this Castle works on different Laws of physics than the usual world does. It will remove your concept of death, and you won't be able to die at all, not even if your soul gets smashed to pieces. That's right, you are damned to fight to the death for eternity. The chapter's name is a really apt metaphor to describe this situation. Isaak, who in his position as Zonnekind is often refered to as a Solar Child (Sol) has just taken into his own body the guys we are talking about here. Ok let's start from the beginning. This guy, Isaak, is a child who was used in ritual to become Valhalla's nucleus soon after his very birth. In fact, he was born for that purpose alone. His soul is now the control device for this place, making the whole Castle his body, which he can control as he pleases.

    And now we get to the characters he swallows into the Castle. Well, you'd think they are the protagonists, and this is just another try by the villains to get rid of them, right? Turns out the ones who get inside are the villains. Yeah, after an event where they learn the truth about what their boss is trying to bring about (the truth about Ougon Rensei, the ritual they were conducting), and with no more options left, they decide to storm into Valhalla to defeat the Golden Beast, in order to save Rea's (originally meant to be sacrificed for the ritual) life. This is what strikes me the most of this whole event, this is not only a storm of symbolism thrown down your throat, this segment also contains tons of character interaction and development, which makes all the "actors" participating in this stage shine all by themselves, whatever side they are on.



    That above is Isaak's current form. The happenings in this chapter can be summarized, too, by a single sentence Isaak utters to Rea, who's also his granddaughter: Know Hell, Theresia. Because in this chapter, all characters who invade Valhalla: Valeria Trifa, Riza Brenner, Rusalka Schwagerin, and Rea herself are going to be thrown, indeed, into Hell. Their very own particular shapes of Hell, in fact. Indeed, Isaak, La Divina Comedia begins.



    So, in the Colosseum area, the first challenge ahead of the invaders (rebels, whatever you want to call them) is Machina, the first of Reinhard's Three Commanders. Of course, not everyone is going to stay and fight him... Rusalka is staying while the others advance further. Here, we start, Anna's Hell. Machina's most powerful attack is called Midgardr: Volsunga Saga. This is an important piece of symbolism. As far as my research has taken me, Midgardr is a realm of existence in Norse mythology, and translates to our mortal world. And that's a name most fitting for Machina's Briah, which makes his punch bring absolute, final death to whatever it strikes, no matter if it is a physical body, a phenomenon, or concept. Their tale is over as soon as the fist strikes them. Such a power stems from this man's deepest desire, that of having a final death. It's kinda tragic, as that wish will never be granted, as he is one of the Einherjar fighting within Valhalla, and so cannot die by any means. In the human world, represented by Midgardr, death is omnipresent, it is a primal force from which nobody can hide. And so, the Hell Rusalka is going to inmerse herself is Midgardr, in the form of a hopeless battle she hasn't got even a slim chance of winning, and will result in certain death.



    And that is because Machina is so much more powerful than she is it is not even funny. She uses her trump card, her Nachtzehrer Briah, but Machina easily frees himself and punches her to death. Simple as that. As a witch who has lived from hundred of years, with the help of magic and later with Ewigkeit, you could say that "being granted death" could be her Hell... but I've got another theory. Her weakness, and the realization that she will never be able to achieve her dream like she wants to. That's her Hell's true shape. As she dies, she remembers Lotus Reichart, a colleague in the Ahnenerbe Bureau back in Germany, whom she was infatuated with. This fight, thus, has an emotional component to it. She is, indeed, fighting the reborn version of her loved one's best friend, completely blinded by his own nihilism, and she is too weak to even overcome him, to realize her dream, to overcome Mercurius' curse. Not that said goal wasn't crushed from the very start. In the first route, we get a wide exposition about her maximum desire: To become a star, a constellation, admired by thousands of observers. This (along with her kinda creepy drive to make Ren (who's soul's base material was Lotus') into her Adam) is just a desperate cry for companionship, for love. To become something he would love. She's had a shitty life, being persecuted for her witch ways since 500 years (at least) before the story of Dies Irae starts. And, under the belief that she could obtain it via Reinhard and Ougon Rensei, she was too weak to survive till the end, each route. In the first one, she was impaled by a sword and later beheaded. In the second one, she was mauled to death via a motherfucking zombie. In the third one, she had her most gruesome death yet, with the protagonist's best friend tearing her stomach a new one in his way out of it, and later getting treated like a ragdoll by Schreiber. And now, she was fucking destroyed by Machina. Her life is suffering, isn't it? Thus, this Hell of Death, Midgardr, is the most appropiate for her.



    Next challenge, guys! Valeria and Riza continue... until this badass finds them. This is Eleonore von Wittenburg, everyone, also known as Samiel Zentaur. She is the most loyal, and highest in position, of Reinhard's Commanders. Who's Hell is this one, you ask? It is very obviously Riza's. Why is this? Personal story between these two characters. And because Reinhard denies Christof's rights over his body to eliminate an annoyance, so he is no longer operative to fight alongside Babylon. Okay, now it is Riza's turn. This Hell is less symbolic than the previous one, but it makes up for it with emotional undertones. So, Samiel's Briah is called Muspellsheimr: Laevateinn. She doesn't use it here, but it creates a general idea of what Norse world this Hell is. Right, it is Muspellsheimr. Eleonore's fighting style is based upon using heavy artillery as weapons, proceeding from her Ahnenerbe (Holy Relic, weapon), Der Freischutz Samiel. In Norse mythology, Muspellsheimr is a realm of fire, governed by Surt, from which stars are born. The physical Hell awaiting Riza is very much similar, she is going to die incinerated. Because this fight, as happened in the previous one, is hopeless. The gap between the two fighters couldn't be bigger.

    And this worsens because... well, Tubal Cain, who is Riza's meat puppet and her main means of combat... kinda gets incinerated by Samiel with her cigar's spark as the fight starts. So she is all alone against this behemoth, fully inmersed into the Hell of Muspellsheimr. I said there was a personal story between the two, and it is time to explain. In short, they are each other's foil. Riza and Eleonore knew each other since school, and the rivalry between the two goes back to those days. They are champions to mutually exclusive ideals about a woman's role: Riza was all for traditional woman roles, as long as she could serve her country. While Eleonore advocated that women should become soldiers that would fight for Germany, and spearheaded a movement of soldier women joining the army. She became pretty well known. Riza, instead, joined Lebensborn and gave birth to children to envigorate Germany's population. She was, at first, considered to be useful to the country. When her use faded away, though, she was labeled by everyone as "a whore" (her nickname is Babylon Magdalena, aka Mother Harlot, now you know why). Eleonore was no less, as she tended to call her "a bitch". For both Riza and Eleonore, this fight goes beyond mere duty, or desire to protect a loved one, this is personal. This is a fight of ideas, of ideologies, of wills and passions. The mere fact of getting onto the Castle is a big character inflexion point for Riza as well, as she steps out of her own hypocrisy and starts protecting what is now "her daughter" (Theresia-senpai), instead of accepting the fact that she needs to be sacrificed. And now, she reaches her highest moment of awesome in the whole game, as she fights her long life rival, who is better than her at fighting, that's for sure. And that, more than dying flayed alive, is Riza's Hell, the fact that her ideas are going to die, burned down to cinders by the fire of Samiel's passion.



    And this is what I meant by highest moment of awesome! Riza, despite all odds being against her, manages to hand a good bitchslap to Eleonore, as she dies, burning. Riza may have not being able to defeat Eleonore, but she did all she could do, instead of giving up and dying without action nor words, she chose to slap Einherjar Rubedo, with all her stubborness. She has succumbed to Hell, but she didn't falter. And that, despite all the inmensely prideful Samiel may say, has probably granted this "whore" the respect of her rival, at last. And what else may I said? She died protecting her "daughter", so the try was definately worth it. And having died within Valhalla, she will be with her neglected son, Isaak, forever.

    So, we finally arrive at what I believe is the last part and "Hell" in this Divina Comedia Masada offers us, near the climax of his most well know Visual Novel. This part will be divided into the Hells Theresia and Valeria, the two final characters left, witness. And a surprise regarding this too.

    So, Isaak, in his bid to make his graddaughter know Hell, transports her to a seemingly peaceful, full of flowers, area of the Castle. The area is what reminds us of what Norse world are these two characters going to suffer as Hell... It's Alfheimr. The name means "elf world", and it is the world where the Light Elves lived in Norse mythology. And then, 10 kids show up. These children are not any children: They are the children Valeria sent to their deaths as payment for his transgression. Ok, let's explain this. So, when the LDO was taking power during WWII, Valeria became somewhat scared by what they were turning into (monsters), and decided to run away from Reinhard and his own peers. He got to run an orphanage, with many kids. He was like a father to them. And then... The Golden Beast and his Commanders showed up at his doorstep. Reinhard demanded the deaths of the 10 children and their souls as payment for him leaving the Black Round Table. And when Valeria finally succumbed to his deepest desire... he began pointing at the kids. Each of those Valeria pointed at was instantly killed by Schreiber, the youngest and most vicious of the Einherjar. And here are the kids, in representation of Alfheimr's Light Elves, but... they are not alone. And this company is certainly not good.



    Do I really have to spell out that this is bad, really bad news? That above is Wolfgan... sorry, Anna Schreiber. And his/her intentions are not playing something innocent with those kids at all. Rather, he is here to show Theresia the Hell of Alfheimr. Now, you may say that what follows is my personal, or even alternative, interpretation of the feelings of the character (I don't remember if the narration spelled them out clearly), but nonetheless, here we go. This downright sadistic killer highlights the fact that all these kids where "killed by their father"... and he reenacts the scene. Yeah, he kills them again. In front of Rea. This is the Hell Isaak wants her to know. Now, one important factor is the sheer horror this scene may cause. Rea is nothing but a 17 years old teenager, and now that her 18th birthday approaches (Christmas), her world suddenly changes. She begins to discover secrets her mother figure, Riza, had been hiding from her all this time. She begins doubting about why Riza looks so young. And then, strange people begin to appear. They take residence in her house. People who are violent to her, who are bloodthirsty killers, who treat her with contempt. She knows she is still alive because they need her, not because they have that sort of compassion in their hearts. And worst of all, that her "parents", Valeria and Riza, were in league with these people all along. Witnessing one of those people kill these kids in front of her just shows what Hell her life has become. And, most importantly... Rea and this kids shared a father figure. Who is it? Valeria Trifa. Even though Schreiber was the executioner, they wouldn't have died if Valeria just hadn't taken the decision he took that day. Can she trust him? Would he do the same thing to her if he had the chance? Would he forsake her for his own desires? This, I feel, also ties into Valeria's character development later on. This interpretation is very in line with Isaak's mindset. Once he was born, he was abandoned by his own mother. His twin brother, Johann, the failure, the defective product, was instead embraced by Riza and their "brothers", all born in the Lebensborn program. While he, the successful Zonnekind, was just left alone, feared by all, until he could be put to use that day in Berlin. His "father" doesn't even know he is his son (due to Riza's rather "obscene" method of getting pregnant with the twins, but that is for another day) and considers him, for now, as a tool. This kid is desperate for love and affection. It's natural that he may want Theresia to feel what he felt, alone, without parents she could rely on. That would be Hell for Isaak.

    And now we come to... Valeria. Our star subject. He arrives at the Alfheimr section after Theresia goes away, and he meets his trial... his Hell:



    Wolfgang Schreiber, the last of the Commanders, and the killer of his children. Or... was he their killer, in his delusional bid to become another person? Well, let's leave such morality questions aside, as an issue that is certainly present. Anyway, it was Schreiber's hand which pulled the trigger. And he has not killed the kids one time, but two. However, this time Valeria has a huge disadvantage. Because of his betrayal, his Ahnenerbe, Heilige Eohl (Reinhard's body), has been taken away by its original owner, and Christof is back into his original body. Without it, he cannot use Ewigkeit, and he certainly cannot defeat Schreiber. He is just awaiting death. Until now, Valeria's being a schemer. Playing all the other members of the LDO like fiddles, hijacking Ougon Rensei for his own selfish purposes, etc... This time, all scheming is useless. All his backup plans have been lost due to the bloodthirst of his peers. He is defenseless towards a storm of violence like Schreiber is.

    Now, even if we want to simplify and say that Valeria's personal conflict with Schreiber here, his Hell, is just him facing the one who killed his children at the orphanage... we could do it. But let's take it a bit further, don't you think? Valeria is facing, in Schreiber, his own reflection, his own internal conflict. He is a man torn between desires, between goals, priorities, and feelings. These are his own feelings of inferiority and not belonging, of needing something beyond human to cling to, which lead to a desire to become Reinhard Heydrich; and his pure, selfless, fatherly love for Rea. Furthermore, he is conflicted as to the procedence of said love. Does it come from his own soul? Is it just a byproduct of using the body of her greatgrandfather?

    If Valeria possesses internal conflicts, so does Schreiber. That's why he is his reflection. He is what Valeria could have ended up as and, indeed, he did end up in an state similar to Schreiber's in the first route of the game. As Schreiber does, Valeria (in Kasumi's Route) deludes himself. He uses love, saving Theresia from her sacrifice to complete Ougon Rensei, as a pretext for his actions. Instead, he was little more than a man consumed by desire, by a huge inferiority complex and the body of the man he wants to become as his vessel, wanting to keep it, along with his little, fake cycle of creation and destruction, at all costs.

    This time, however, it is different. The loss of Kasumi and, thus, his backup plan to Rea's sacrifice and his way to Valhalla's incomplete outflowing, Valeria was forced to take a decision. And upon doing that, the internal conflict he had was resolved. By choosing to assault Valhalla, to rebel, to fight Reinhard, he reliquinshed his desire to become him... for Rea's sake. That means... yes. He chose love, instead of fulfilling a selfish desire. That's what separates Valeria from Schreiber by this time. And that's why he overcomes "Hell".



    As Riza had a crowning moment of awesome, Valeria has one too. And if Riza's moment meant that, even when she didn't overcome the Hell of Muspellsheimr that Eleonore represented, she was still able to put resistance... this one means that Valeria does, indeed, overcome the Hell of Alfheimr that Schreiber represents. With his internal conflicts resolved... Valeria shows Schreiber Hell, reversing the roles. Valeria becomes the executioner, and Schreiber the victim. Although not in a physical way, that is.

    Schreiber manages to give Valeria a fatal wound. However, Christof finds out that he awakened something he had lacked for 60 years. His psychic powers, his ability to read the hearts of others. It's a power residing in his original body, which he couldn't have used during the last years due to using someone else's body. Using his power, he finds about Schreiber's internal conflict, and his self delusion. How this kid, who's parents never loved, treated like a sexual slave for numerous strangers by them, who was mutilated by them, always craved for their love. How he simply wanted to be tightly embraced, to feel motherly love. And, in his own self delusion, Wolfgang, or Anna, as his parents called him, began thinking they were loving parents, he just didn't want anything to do with them. He didn't want their love, nor their embrace, he didn't want to be touched. Just so he could comfort himself, so he could escape from the harsh reality. This realization caused the awakening of Schreiber's true Briah, trapping himself in blind, murderous rage, so he could escape from this fact Valeria had shown him.

    This way, Valeria managed to overcome his own Hell. He was by far the most successful of them, and one of my favourite characters in the whole game. He still died shortly after this, of course. I said he overcame the symbolic, metaphorical Hell, not that he would survive this ordeal :p

    And now everyone, thank you for reading this wall of text. I'm very pleased to write about this. And if anyone is interested in this Visual Novel, an anime is coming out next year. It's really freaking good, so don't shy away from it!
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