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  1. 15:47


    Aluche and Lilliana's Double Chase brings down sunlight upon their enemies to smite the wicked. This distance from the Sun to the Earth is 149,000,000km.

    Spoiler:


    1.28 seconds.

    T = 149,000,000km/1.28s
    = 116406250000/299792458
    = 388.289455 C

    Final Results
    Aluche & Lilliana's Double Chase = 388.289 C

  2. 1:05


    0:00

    Mooncake outruns a supernova and saves Greg. In order to go supernova, a star needs to have at least 8 solar masses. Red Giants at their highest weigh 8 solar masses, and have a diameter of 100,000,000 to 1,000,000,000 km, which will serve as hour high and low ends.

    = 2*atan(294/(638/tan(70/2)))
    = 0.429934597 rad
    = 24.633437874819009 degrees

    Put that through the angscaler, and that puts the star at 229000000km away at a low end, and 133270000000km at a high end. Now for the timeframe.
    Spoiler:


    55 seconds.

    (Low end)
    T = 229000000km/55s
    = 4.16363636e9/299792458
    = 13.888396 C

    (High end)
    T = 133270000000km/55s
    = 2.42309091e12/299792458
    = 8082.56127 C

    And that's just the expansion of the star. Mooncake gets back to the ship even quicker.

    Final Results
    Mooncake saves Greg from a supernova (low end) = >13.888 C
    Mooncake saves Greg from a supernova (high end) = >8082.561 C

  3. 0:09

    Moonface cuts the Infinity Guards laser in half, which leads to a moon getting cut in half. Earlier in the episode, we see the moon compared with the planet.

    0:16

    And given they walk around on the planet with no problem, it should be safe to assume the planet's Earth-sized and the moon Moon-sized. The Moon is 3474.8km away and weighs 7.34767309e22kg.

    = 2*atan(230/(419/tan(70/2)))
    = 0.508903266 rad
    = 29.1580093222958148 degrees

    Enter those values through the angscaler and we get a distance of 6680km away. Next for the timeframe of the falling debris.
    Spoiler:


    18 seconds.

    T = 6680km/18s
    = 371111.111m/s

    At least a third of the moon gets blown away.

    M = 7.34767309e22kg/3
    = 2.44922436e22kg

    E = (0.5) X 2.44922436e22 X 371111.111^2
    = 1.68657823e33 joules
    = 403.10187141491400098 zettatons

    Final Results
    Infinity Guards laser destroys moon = 403.102 zettatons

  4. 0:49

    A TIE Fighter blows up a huge asteroid. The Millennium Falcon is 34.75m long.

    83 pixels = 34.75m
    1 pixel = 34.75m/83 = 0.418674699m
    0.418674699m X 238 = 99.6445784m
    99.6445784m/2 = 49.8222892m
    0.418674699m X 170 = 71.1746988m
    71.1746988m/2 = 35.5873494m

    Volume as an ellipsoid.

    V = 4/3πabc
    = 4/3 X π X 49.8222892 X 35.5873494 X 35.5873494
    = 264303.9m^3

    Violent fragmentation of rock is 69000000 joules.m^3.

    E = 264303.9 X 69000000
    = 1.82369691e13 joules
    = 4.3587402246653919 kilotons

    Final Results

    TIE Fighter destroys asteroid = 4.359 kilotons

  5. 1:46

    Rock Wizard summons a meteor show from space. Finn dodges them, Abracadaniel survives getting hit by one and Jake oneshots Rock Wizard. This scales to lots of people, so let's get to scaling.
    Spoiler:
    Standard cloud heigh for low flying cumulus is 600 m.

    = 2*atan(382/(423/tan(70/2)))
    = 0.808630923 rad
    = 46.331139071783177 degrees

    Enter that through the angscaler and we get us a cloud that's 513.47m across.

    382 pixels = 513.47m
    1 pixel = 513.47m/382 = 1.3441623m
    1.3441623m X 207 = 278.241596m
    278.241596m/2 = 139.120798m
    1.3441623m X 381 = 512.125836m
    1.3441623m X 164 = 220.442617m
    220.442617m/2 = 110.221309m
    1.3441623m X 213 = 286.30657m
    286.30657m/2 = 143.153285m
    1.3441623m X 427 = 573.957302m
    1.3441623m X 188 = 252.702512m
    252.702512m/2 = 126.351256m
    1.3441623m X 387 = 520.19081m

    The full clouds aren't shown, so we'll go with half an ellipsoid for each.

    V = 4/3πabc
    = 4/3 X π X 513.47 X 139.120798 X 139.120798
    = 41628216.5/2
    = 20814108.2m^3

    V = 4/3πabc
    = 4/3 X π X 512.125836 X 110.221309 X 110.221309
    = 26061320.9/2
    = 13030660.4m^2

    V = 4/3πabc
    = 4/3 X π X 573.957302 X 143.153285 X 143.153285
    = 49268669.2/2
    = 24634334.6m^3

    V = 4/3πabc
    = 4/3 X π X 520.19081 X 126.351256 X 126.351256
    = 34786474.1/2
    = 17393237.1m^3

    V = 20814108.2 + 13030660.4 + 24634334.6 + 17393237.1
    = 75872340.3m^3

    Density of a cloud is 1.003kg per m^3.

    M = 75872340.3 X 1.003
    = 76099957.3kg

    Now for the timeframe with which the clouds moved.
    Spoiler:


    0.7 seconds.

    T = 573.957302m/0.7s
    = 819.939003m/s

    Finally, for our kinetic energy.

    KE = (0.5) X 76099957.3 X 819.939003^2
    = 2.55809995e13 joules
    = 6.1140056166347995 kilotons

    Next, the speed that the asteroids arrived on Earth. Going from when the Rock Wizard starts talking to when they're here.
    Spoiler:


    4 seconds. For a low end, we'll go to the very edge of the Thermosphere, which is at it's furthest 375 miles (603.50400km) away.

    T = 603.50400km/4s
    = 150876/340.29
    = Mach 443.374769

    Let's get a high end for our energy with the KE of the meteorites. Finn is 13 as of this episode taking place. The average height of a 13 year old boy is 156.2cm (1.562m).

    280 pixels = 1.562m
    1 pixel = 1.562m/280 = 0.00557857143m
    0.00557857143m X 59 = 0.329135714m

    37 pixels = 0.329135714m
    1 pixel = 0.329135714m/37 = 0.00889555984m
    0.00889555984m X 121 = 1.07636274m
    1.07636274m/2 = 0.53818137m

    Volume of the meteor as a a sphere.

    V = 4/3πr^3
    = 4/3 X π X 0.53818137^3
    = 0.652941976m^3

    Looking at this link here, an asteroid 0.4m across would weigh 100kg on average. How much would it weigh at 1.07636274m then?

    M2 = (H2/H1)^3*M1
    = (1.07636274/0.4)^3 X 100
    = 1948.48018kg

    There's 11 of them, all of which seem to be the same size, so times that by 11.

    M = 1948.48018kg X 11
    = 21433.282kg

    KE = (0.5) X 21433.282 X 150876^2
    = 2.43948979e14 joules

    Adding that to the cloud moving, then we can get our final results.

    E = 2.55809995e13 + 2.43948979e14
    = 2.69529978e14 joules
    = 64.4192108030592717 kilotons

    Last but not least, a super high end for the speed. The Asteroid Belt is 179,500,000km from the Earth.

    T = 179,500,000km/4s
    = 44875000000/299792458
    = 149.686888 C


    Final Results
    Rock Wizard summons meteor storm (energy - low end) = 6.114 kilotons
    Rock Wizard summons meteor storm (energy - high end) = 64.419 kilotons
    Rock Wizard summons meteor storm (speed - low end) = Mach 443.375
    Rock Wizard summons meteor storm (speed - high end) = 149.687 C
  6. Calc request for @NightmareCinema & @Unlosing Ranger .

    3:41

    Ocelot reacts to and blocks Volgin's electricity. Ocelot is 182cm tall.

    334 pixels = 182cm
    1 pixel = 182cm/334 = 0.54491018cm
    0.54491018cm X 57 = 31.0598803cm (0.310598803m)
    0.54491018cm X 102 = 55.5808384cm (0.555808384m)

    = 2*atan(19/(423/tan(70/2)))
    = 0.042558491 rad
    = 2.43842191675154707 degrees

    Enter those values through the angscaler, and Ocelot is 7.2971m away. We'll go with a low end of the speed of lightning (97536m/s) and a high end ofThe speed of electricity is between 50% to 99% of light.

    (Low end)
    T = 7.2971m/97536m
    = 7.48144275e-5m/s

    Now, how fast can Ocelot move his arm?

    T = 7.2971 X 1s
    = 0.555808384m/7.48144275e-5m X 1s
    = 7429.16042/340.29
    = Mach 21.8318505

    (Mid end)

    T = 299792458 X 50/100
    = 149896229m/s

    T = 7.2971m/149896229m X 1s
    = 48.6810112 nanoseconds

    T = 0.555808384m/48.6810112ns
    = 11417354.9/340.29
    = Mach 33551.8378

    (High End)
    T = 299792458 X 99/100
    = 296794533m/s

    T = 7.2971m/296794533m X 1s
    = 24.5863693 nanoseconds

    T = 0.555808384m/24.5863693ns
    = 22606362.8/340.29
    = Mach 66432.6392

    Final Results
    Ocelot reacts to Volgin's lightning (low end) = Mach 21.832
    Ocelot reacts to Volgin's lightning (mid end) = Mach 33551.838
    Ocelot reacts to Volgin's lightning (high end) Mach 66432.639
  7. Calc request from @John Wayne . Obviously, this is the movie version.

    1:03

    Voldemort lights up the clouds with the Elder Wand. Not entirely sure how to go around this, but I'll do my best. First off, the speed. Voldemort is played by Ralph Fiennes, who is 1.8m tall.

    41 pixels = 1.8m
    1 pixel = 1.8m/41 = 0.043902439m
    0.043902439m X 291 = 12.7756097m

    71 pixels = 12.7756097m
    1 pixel = 12.7756097m/71 = 0.179938165m
    0.179938165m X 272 = 48.9431809m
    0.179938165m X 1280 = 230.320851m

    Spoiler:


    2.96 seconds.

    T = 48.9431809m/2.96s
    = 16.5348584m/s

    Well, that's...quite pitiful. However, earlier we see these clouds above the hills in the distance...

    ..So a high end is likely justified. Going with cumulus clouds, which at their lowest are 550m off the ground, and at their highest are 2000m.

    (Mid end)
    T = 550m/2.96s
    = 185.810811m/s

    (High end)
    T = 2000m/2.96s
    = 675.675676/340.29
    = Mach 1.986

    Next for the energy. Volume as a cylinder. For the height, we'll go with a low thickness of cumulus clouds of 100m and a high end of 2000m (from here).

    (Low end)
    R = 230.320851m/2
    = 115.160426m

    V = πr^2h
    = π X 115.160426^2 X 100
    = 4166356.21m^3

    Weight of air per m^3 is 1.003kg.

    M = 4166356.21 X 1.003
    = 4178855.28kg

    Now, how much energy does a storm cloud produce? This source here says it ranges from 1000 joules per m^3, to 5000 joules per m^3 in particularly rough storms.

    E = 4178855.28 X 1000
    = 4178855280 joules
    = 0.9987703824092 tons of TNT

    (High end)
    V = πr^2h
    = π X 115.160426^2 X 2000
    = 83327124.2m^3

    M = 83327124.2 X 1.003
    = 83577105.6kg

    E = 83577105.6 X 1000
    = 83577105600 joules
    = 19.975407648184 tons of TNT

    Final Results
    Elder Wand charges clouds (speed - low end) = 16.535m/s
    Elder Wand charges clouds (speed - mid end) = 185.810811m/s
    Elder Wand charges clouds (speed - high end) = Mach 1.986
    Elder Wand charges clouds (energy - low end) = 0.999 tons of TNT
    Elder Wand charges clouds (energy - high end) = 19.975 tons of TNT


  8. 6:39 to 6:46
    Greg accidently blows up 90 ships (and a Mexican restaurant) in an explosion that's clearly visible from space. Diameter. of the Earth is 12756.2km.
    Spoiler:


    Timeframe is 21 frames (out of 25).

    T = 1s/25
    = 40ms X 21
    = 0.84s


    R = (h/2) + c^2/(8h)
    = (31/2) + 334^2/(31 X h)
    = 465.322581

    465.322581 X 2 = 930.645162 pixels = 12756.2km
    1 pixel = 12756.2km/930.645162 = 13.7068353km
    13.7068353km X 14 = 191.895694km (191895.694m)
    191895.694m/2 = 95947.847m
    13.7068353km X 9 = 123.361518km (123361.518m)
    123361.518m/2 = 61680.759m
    13.7068353km X 4 = 54.8273412km (54827.3412m)
    54827.3412m/2 = 27413.6706m
    13.7068353km X 6 = 82.2410118km (82241.0118m)
    82241.0118m + 123361.518m = 205602.53m

    T = 205602.53m/0.84s
    = 244764.917m/s

    Volume of the top part as an ellipsoid, and the bottom part as a cylinder.

    V = πr^2h
    = π X 27413.6706^2 X 41120.5059
    = 9.70828913e13m^3

    V = 4/3πabc
    = 4/3 X π X 95947.847 X 95947.847 X 61680.759
    = 2.37853084e15m^3

    V = 9.70828913e13 + 2.37853084e15
    = 2.47561373e15m^3

    Weight of air is 1.003kg/m^3.

    M = 2.47561373e15 X 1.003
    = 2.48304057e15kg

    E = (0.5) X 2.48304057e15 X 244764.917^2
    = 7.43793122e25 joules
    = 17.7770822658 petatons

    And that's just some fighter from the looks of it too.

    Final Results
    Greg accidently blows up fleet = 17.777 petatons
  9. The Discworld roleplaying game on some of the various concepts in Discworld. For starters, the probability of the existence of the Disc is low, and it can exist because it exists in a region of Highly Stressed Reality.
    The importance of story in the Discworld universe. This is due to the fundamental structure of the universe containing an element of story, quite literally.
    On the power of belief and metaphor, and how it can create and empower gods, shape APs and change the world.
    Continuing on, we have a part on narrative causality, the fundamental power of stories.
    Using making weakens the barriers of reality to let Things in from the Dungeon Dimensions, who can distort reality.
    And yes, Sir Terry Pratchett was involved in its creation.
  10. Calc request for @Imakarum Mirabilis .

    3:50

    4:41

    The Deus Revolt crashes, which start of game Fei survives. Thankfully, he also gave me a book scan for scaling, which will make the job much easier.

    It's 42km wide and weighs 27000000000 billion tons (27000000000000kg). That makes things much easier to scale.

    1017 pixels = 42 km
    1 pixel = 42km/1017 = 0.0412979351km
    0.0412979351km X 2449 = 101.138643km

    Now to the timescale.

    The timeframe is 2.46 seconds.

    12 pixels = 101.138643km
    1 pixel = 101.138643km/12 = 8.42822025km
    65 + 71 = 136
    8.42822025km X 136 = 1146.23795km

    T = 1146.23795km/2.46s
    = 465950.386m/s

    KE = (0.5) X 27000000000000 X 465950.386^2
    = 2.93098179e24 joules
    = 700.521460325 teratons

    Final Results
    Deus Revolt crashes = 700.521 teratons

  11. 1:00

    19:28

    21:17

    The Divine Dragon brings a blizzard that covers the land as far as the eye can see (from the top of a mountain), which vanishes when it's defeated. You can get the Yeti's Club from this location, and this is the same Yeti Akko met in Finland...

    ...so we can scale from there. We'll find the average height of mountains in Finland first.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mountains_in_Finland
    Ah = 1100m + 1130m + 1144m + 1150m + 1180m + 1239m + 1240m + 1280m + 1317m + 1324m
    = 12104m/10
    = 1210.4m

    That's the height of the mountain, which gives a horizon of 124.3km (124300m) away. Volume as a semisphere.

    V = 4/3πr^3
    = 4/3 X π X 124300^3
    = 8.04455444e15/2
    = 4.02227722e15m^3

    Weight of air is 1.003kg per m^3.

    M = 4.02227722e15 X 1.003
    = 4.03434405e15kg

    Next for the average temperatures in Finland.
    https://www.holiday-weather.com/helsinki/averages/
    We'll go with a high end of Summer and a low end of Winter. A brief search reveals a blizzard can reach −12 °C. That means a low end of 6 degrees difference and a high end of 23 degrees. Specific heat of air between 0 and -50 degrees celsius is 1.005 kilojoules.

    (Low end)
    E = 4.03434405e15 X 1005 X 6
    = 2.43270946e19 kilojoules
    = 2.43270946000000002e+22 joules

    Hold onto that for a bit longer. Let's also get the heat fusion of air/oxygen (13800 joules/kg).

    E = 4.03434405e15 X 13800
    = 5.56739479e19 joules

    Let's add them both together for our final results!

    E = 2.43270946000000002e+22 + 5.56739479e19
    = 2.43827685e22 joules
    = 5.82762153442 teratons

    (High end)
    E = 4.03434405e15 X 1005 X 23
    = 9.32538627e19 kilojoules
    = 9.32538627000000053e+22 joules

    E = 4.03434405e15 X 13800
    = 5.56739479e19 joules

    E = 9.32538627000000053e+22 + 5.56739479e19
    = 9.33095366e22 joules
    = 22.3015144837 teratons

    Final Results
    Divine Dragons power (low end) = 5.828 teratons
    Divine Dragons power (high end) = 22.302 teratons
  12. I've been looking for a way to calc the moon-shot blitz for ages, but could never find the mass of the LOADERS. Finally, I have something.

    20:00

    A car is fired from the Hyperion moon-shot cannon and lands on Pandora in seconds. For a low end, we'll go with Saturns moon Mimas, which has a diameter of 396km and for a high end we'll go with Luna, which has a diameter of 3476.2km.
    Spoiler:


    Timeframe is 2.32 seconds.

    = 2*atan(62/(336/tan(70/2)))
    = 0.174416682 rad
    = 9.99333975530018392 degrees

    Enter that through the angscaler, and we get a distance of 2264.7km for the low end and a distance of 19880km for the high end. A quick search reveals that an average car weighs 4079 pounds, or 1850.203kg.

    (Low end)
    T = 2264.7km/2.32s
    = 976163.793/340.29
    = Mach 2868.62321

    KE = (0.5) X 1850.203 X 976163.793^2
    = 8.81525288e14 joules
    = 210.689600382 kilotons

    (High end)
    T = 19880km/2.32s
    = 8568965.52/340.29
    = Mach 25181.3615

    KE = (0.5) X 1850.203 X 8568965.52^2
    = 6.79275852e16 joules
    = 16.2350825048 megatons

    Finally, let's go with a super high end of the distance from the Earth to the Moon (384,400km).

    T = 384,400km/2.32s
    = 165689655/299792458 X 100
    = 55.2681199% C

    Enter that through the relativistic kinetic energy calculator and we have 3.323E+19 joules, or 7.94216061185 gigatons.

    Final Results
    Hyperion moonshot blitz (low end - speed) = Mach 2868.623
    Hyperion moonshot blitz (low end - energy) = 210.69 kilotons
    Hyperion moonshot blitz (mid end - speed) = Mach 25181.3615
    Hyperion moonshot blitz (mid end - energy) = 16.235 megatons
    Hyperion moonshot blitz (high end - speed) = 55.268% C
    Hyperion moonshot blitz (high end - energy) = 7.942 gigatons


    Scales to LOADERS and CONSTRUCTORS, who survive these shots with no shielding unscathed (Hell, a CONSTRUCTOR would weigh even more than a car), and from them to the Vault Hunters.

  13. 0:09

    http://earthbound.wikia.com/wiki/PK_Starstorm
    PK Starstorm brings down a rain of stars onto the enemy, which both Poo and Kumatora can use. Super Smash Bros also supports this, although SSB4 says meteorites.
    https://www.ssbwiki.com/PK_Starstorm
    So we'll go with a low end of meteorites and a high end of stars. The Asteroid Belt is 179,500,000km from the Earth and the nearest star to Earth is 4.3 lightyears away (4.06802721e16m).

    1.58 seconds.

    (Low end)
    T = 179,500,000km/1.58s
    = 1.13607595e11/299792458
    = 378.954146 C

    (High end)
    T = 4.06802721e16m/1.58s
    = 2.57470077e16/299792458
    = 85882773.3 C

    Final Results
    PK Starstorm (low end) = 378.954 C
    PK Starstorm (high end) = 85882773.3 C

  14. 2:25

    http://comicbook.com/marvel/2018/08/06/avengers-infinity-war-doctor-strange-time-stone-hidden/
    Dr Strange hides the Time Stone among the stars, which word of god confirms is legitimate. The closest star to Earth is 4.3 lightyears (4.06802721e16m) away.
    Spoiler:


    0.84 seconds.

    T = 4.13141275e16m/0.84s
    = 4.06802721e16/299792458
    = 135694782 C

    Final Results
    Dr Strance retrieves the Time Stone = 135694782 C
  15. I recall a few impressive feats from Hercules, so I may as well calc them.
    1. Planetary alignment

    0:00

    The planets of the Solar System align, and a beam goes down them to the titans prison. Pluto is 7,500,000,000km away.
    Spoiler:


    1.32 seconds.

    T = 7,500,000,000km/1.32s
    = 5.68181818e12/299792458
    = 18952.5054 C

    2. Ruffling constellations


    1:56

    Hercules flying by on Pegasus causes a constellations skirt to blow up. Given Hercules has some strange cosmology, we'll go with a low end of the stars being at the edge of the Solar System, and a high end of normal astrological distances. The closest star to Earth is 4.37 lightyears away (4.1343e+16m).
    Spoiler:


    0.29 seconds.

    (Low end)
    T = 7,500,000,000km/0.29s
    = 2.5862069e13/299792458
    = 86266.5765 C

    (High end)
    T = 4.1343e+16m/0.29s
    = 1.42562069e17/299792458
    = 475535876 C

    Final Results
    Planetary alignment = 18952.5054 C
    Hercules flies by Constellation (low end) = 86266.5765 C
    Hercules flies by Constellation (high end) = 475535876 C
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